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Average Weather in Kwali Nigeria

In Kwali, the wet season is oppressive and overcast, the dry season is humid and partly cloudy, and it is hot year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 63°F to 94°F and is rarely below 57°F or above 101°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Kwali for hot-weather activities is from mid November to mid February.

Climate Summary

hotwarmhotJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec59%59%14%14%overcastclearprecipitation: 9.1 inprecipitation: 9.1 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 100%muggy: 100%6%6%drydrybeach/pool score: 7.5beach/pool score: 7.54.24.2
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 2.7 months, from January 24 to April 16, with an average daily high temperature above 92°F. The hottest day of the year is March 1, with an average high of 94°F and low of 71°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.3 months, from June 25 to October 3, with an average daily high temperature below 85°F. The coldest day of the year is December 31, with an average low of 63°F and high of 91°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in KwaliJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcomfortablecomfortablewarmhothotcoolcoolwarmcomfortablecomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Someshwar, India (4,615 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Kwali (view comparison).

Clouds

In Kwali, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Kwali begins around November 6 and lasts for 3.6 months, ending around February 22. On January 1, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 59% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 41% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around February 22 and lasts for 8.5 months, ending around November 6. On May 13, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 86% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 14% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in KwaliclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jan 159%Jan 159%May 1314%May 1314%Nov 636%Nov 636%Feb 2237%Feb 2237%clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercastmostly clear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Kwali varies very significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.2 months, from April 17 to October 23, with a greater than 41% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 81% on September 12.

The drier season lasts 5.8 months, from October 23 to April 17. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on January 1.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 81% on September 12.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in KwaliwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Sep 1281%Sep 1281%Jan 10%Jan 10%Jan 10%Jan 10%Apr 1741%Apr 1741%Oct 2341%Oct 2341%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kwali experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.2 months, from March 5 to November 13, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 31, with an average total accumulation of 9.1 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from November 13 to March 5. The least rain falls around December 29, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Kwali does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 38 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 36 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 39 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:11 AM on May 28, and the latest sunrise is 42 minutes later at 6:53 AM on January 28. The earliest sunset is at 6:08 PM on November 15, and the latest sunset is 48 minutes later at 6:55 PM on July 13.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Kwali during 2018.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in KwaliJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMMay 286:11 AMMay 286:11 AM6:55 PMJul 136:55 PMJul 13Nov 156:08 PMNov 156:08 PM6:53 AMJan 286:53 AMJan 28daynightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Kwali experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 9.5 months, from February 13 to November 30, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 30% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is September 12, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is December 30, with muggy conditions 6% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in KwalimuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 306%Dec 306%100%Sep 12100%Sep 12Feb 1330%Feb 1330%Nov 3030%Nov 3030%miserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivedrydryhumidhumidmuggymuggy
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Kwali experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 9.1 months, from December 1 to September 4, with average wind speeds of more than 4.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 14, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 2.9 months, from September 4 to December 1. The calmest day of the year is October 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.6 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in KwaliwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mph10 mphJan 145.6 mphJan 145.6 mphOct 243.6 mphOct 243.6 mphSep 44.6 mphSep 44.6 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Kwali varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 4.6 months, from February 15 to July 2 and for 2.1 months, from August 29 to October 31, with a peak percentage of 60% on May 27. The wind is most often from the west for 1.9 months, from July 2 to August 29, with a peak percentage of 58% on July 30. The wind is most often from the east for 3.5 months, from October 31 to February 15, with a peak percentage of 56% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in KwaliESWSEJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Kwali throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kwali for general outdoor tourist activities is from early December to late January, with a peak score in the last week of December.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in KwaliJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.36.32.42.43.23.2 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kwali for hot-weather activities is from mid November to mid February, with a peak score in the last week of December.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Kwalibest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.57.54.24.25.15.14.44.4 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Kwali are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in KwaliJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%100%Jan 1100%Jan 1100%Jul 3100%Jul 3coolcomfortablewarmhotsweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in KwaliJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F2,000°F4,000°F6,000°F8,000°F10,000°FJan 590°FJan 590°FDec 3110,303°FDec 3110,303°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from November 10 to March 6, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is February 11, with an average of 5.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from May 5 to September 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is July 31, with an average of 4.2 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in KwalibrightbrightdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWhFeb 115.7 kWhFeb 115.7 kWhJul 314.2 kWhJul 314.2 kWhNov 105.4 kWhNov 105.4 kWhMay 54.5 kWhMay 54.5 kWhSep 164.5 kWhSep 164.5 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kwali are 8.883 deg latitude, 7.019 deg longitude, and 614 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Kwali contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 322 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 653 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,916 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,956 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Kwali is covered by cropland (55%), grassland (16%), shrubs (16%), and trees (12%), within 10 miles by cropland (49%) and shrubs (29%), and within 50 miles by cropland (41%) and shrubs (38%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Kwali, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Kwali is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Kwali, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.