Average Weather in Amsterdam Netherlands
In Amsterdam, the summers are comfortable and partly cloudy and the winters are long, chilly, windy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 34°F to 71°F and is rarely below 22°F or above 81°F.
The warm season lasts for 3.1 months, from June 10 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 65°F. The hottest day of the year is August 5, with an average high of 71°F and low of 57°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.8 months, from November 20 to March 14, with an average daily high temperature below 48°F. The coldest day of the year is February 8, with an average low of 34°F and high of 42°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Amsterdam, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Amsterdam begins around March 27 and lasts for 6.3 months, ending around October 6. On July 22, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 57% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 43% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 6 and lasts for 5.7 months, ending around March 27. On January 1, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 69% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 31% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Amsterdam varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.6 months, from July 14 to February 3, with a greater than 30% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 38% on December 23.
The drier season lasts 5.4 months, from February 3 to July 14. The smallest chance of a wet day is 22% on April 30.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 36% on December 23.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Amsterdam experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Amsterdam. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around December 25, with an average total accumulation of 2.4 inches.
The least rain falls around April 20, with an average total accumulation of 1.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Amsterdam varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 7 hours, 41 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 48 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:17 AM on June 17, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 33 minutes later at 8:50 AM on December 30. The earliest sunset is at 4:26 PM on December 13, and the latest sunset is 5 hours, 40 minutes later at 10:06 PM on June 24.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Amsterdam during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Amsterdam, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Amsterdam experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.5 months, from October 10 to March 27, with average wind speeds of more than 6.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.3 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.5 months, from March 27 to October 10. The calmest day of the year is August 4, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Amsterdam varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 1.7 weeks, from January 2 to January 14 and for 2.4 months, from October 1 to December 13, with a peak percentage of 38% on October 31. The wind is most often from the west for 3.1 months, from January 14 to April 17; for 4.7 months, from May 11 to October 1; and for 2.9 weeks, from December 13 to January 2, with a peak percentage of 45% on July 3. The wind is most often from the north for 3.4 weeks, from April 17 to May 11, with a peak percentage of 29% on April 25.
Amsterdam is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.2 months, from June 28 to October 2, with an average temperature above 60°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 15, with an average temperature of 65°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.8 months, from December 17 to April 11, with an average temperature below 46°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 19, with an average temperature of 41°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from April 29 to August 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 27, with an average of 6.5 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from October 24 to February 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 0.6 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Amsterdam are 52.374 deg latitude, 4.890 deg longitude, and 10 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Amsterdam contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 138 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 13 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (190 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (466 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Amsterdam is covered by artificial surfaces (90%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (38%) and grassland (36%), and within 50 miles by water (42%) and grassland (21%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Amsterdam, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Amsterdam.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Amsterdam according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Amsterdam is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Amsterdam and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (73%, 11 kilometers, southwest); De Bilt (12%, 36 kilometers, southeast); Lelystad Airport (9%, 44 kilometers, east); and De Kooy (6%, 62 kilometers, north).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.