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Average Weather in Minot Air Force Base North Dakota, United States

In Minot Air Force Base, the summers are warm; the winters are freezing, dry, and windy; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 3°F to 83°F and is rarely below -18°F or above 93°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Minot Air Force Base for warm-weather activities is from late June to late August.

Climate Summary

freezingcoldcoolwarmcoolcoldfreezingJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec75%75%36%36%clearovercastprecipitation: 2.8 inprecipitation: 2.8 in0.2 in0.2 inmuggy: 13%muggy: 13%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.8tourism score: 6.80.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 22 to September 18, with an average daily high temperature above 70°F. The hottest day of the year is July 30, with an average high of 83°F and low of 58°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.5 months, from November 24 to March 6, with an average daily high temperature below 32°F. The coldest day of the year is January 12, with an average low of 3°F and high of 19°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Minot Air Force BaseJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfrigidfrigidfrigidfreezingfreezingcoldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmfrigidvery coldvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Samara, Russia (5,225 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Minot Air Force Base (view comparison).

Clouds

In Minot Air Force Base, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Minot Air Force Base begins around June 7 and lasts for 4.2 months, ending around October 12. On July 31, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 75% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 25% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 12 and lasts for 7.8 months, ending around June 7. On February 20, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 64% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 36% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Minot Air Force BaseclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 3175%Jul 3175%Feb 2036%Feb 2036%Jun 755%Jun 755%Oct 1255%Oct 1255%clearpartly cloudyovercastmostly cloudymostly clear
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Minot Air Force Base varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.2 months, from May 1 to September 7, with a greater than 18% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 33% on June 28.

The drier season lasts 7.8 months, from September 7 to May 1. The smallest chance of a wet day is 3% on February 8.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Minot Air Force Base changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 7.7 months, from March 18 to November 8. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 33% on June 28.

Snow alone is the most common for 4.3 months, from November 8 to March 18. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 7% on January 2.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Minot Air Force BasesnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 2833%Jun 2833%Feb 83%Feb 83%Mar 188%Mar 188%Nov 89%Nov 89%Jan 17%Jan 17%May 118%May 118%Sep 718%Sep 718%rainsnowmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Minot Air Force Base experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from April 3 to November 1, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 17, with an average total accumulation of 2.8 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.1 months, from November 1 to April 3. The least rain falls around December 30, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Minot Air Force Base experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from October 14 to May 6, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 2, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.3 months, from May 6 to October 14. The least snow falls around July 26, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Minot Air Force BasesnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 inJan 20.3 inJan 20.3 inJul 260.0 inJul 260.0 inNov 200.3 inNov 200.3 inMar 220.3 inMar 220.3 inMay 60.1 inMay 60.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Minot Air Force Base varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 19 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 7 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Minot Air Force BaseJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2016 hr, 7 minJun 2116 hr, 7 minJun 2112 hr, 11 minSep 2212 hr, 11 minSep 228 hr, 19 minDec 218 hr, 19 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:43 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 54 minutes later at 8:37 AM on January 1. The earliest sunset is at 4:50 PM on December 11, and the latest sunset is 5 hours, 1 minute later at 9:50 PM on June 25.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Minot Air Force Base during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Minot Air Force BaseJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 165:43 AMJun 165:43 AM9:50 PMJun 259:50 PMJun 25Dec 114:50 PMDec 114:50 PM8:37 AMJan 18:37 AMJan 1Mar 11DSTMar 11DSTDSTNov 4DSTNov 4daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Minot Air Force Base experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from June 15 to August 29, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 3% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 17, with muggy conditions 13% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is February 28, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Minot Air Force BasemuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 280%Feb 280%Jul 1713%Jul 1713%Jun 153%Jun 153%Aug 293%Aug 293%drydrycomfortablecomfortablemuggymuggy
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Minot Air Force Base experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 8.9 months, from September 13 to June 8, with average wind speeds of more than 10.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.2 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 3.1 months, from June 8 to September 13. The calmest day of the year is July 22, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.2 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Minot Air Force BasewindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mphMar 3112.2 mphMar 3112.2 mphJul 229.2 mphJul 229.2 mphSep 1310.7 mphSep 1310.7 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Minot Air Force Base varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 2.6 months, from March 4 to May 23, with a peak percentage of 30% on March 9. The wind is most often from the south for 2.3 weeks, from May 23 to June 8 and for 1.7 months, from July 10 to September 2, with a peak percentage of 31% on August 19. The wind is most often from the west for 1.1 months, from June 8 to July 10 and for 6.1 months, from September 2 to March 4, with a peak percentage of 30% on June 22.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Minot Air Force BaseWNSWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Minot Air Force Base throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Minot Air Force Base for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Minot Air Force Basebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.86.80.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Minot Air Force Base for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Minot Air Force BaseJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468104.14.10.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Minot Air Force Base typically lasts for 4.4 months (136 days), from around May 12 to around September 25, rarely starting before April 23 or after May 29, and rarely ending before September 8 or after October 12.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Minot Air Force Basegrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 1250%May 1250%Sep 2550%Sep 2550%May 2990%May 2990%Sep 890%Sep 890%Apr 2310%Apr 2310%Oct 1210%Oct 1210%Jul 13100%Jul 13100%frigidfreezingcoolcomfortablewarmhotcoldvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Minot Air Force Base should appear around April 30, only rarely appearing before April 20 or after May 16.

Growing Degree Days

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 1 to August 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 11, with an average of 7.1 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 28 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 1.2 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Minot Air Force BasebrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 117.1 kWhJul 117.1 kWhDec 241.2 kWhDec 241.2 kWhMay 15.9 kWhMay 15.9 kWhOct 282.4 kWhOct 282.4 kWhFeb 132.4 kWhFeb 132.4 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Minot Air Force Base are 48.421 deg latitude, -101.339 deg longitude, and 1,634 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Minot Air Force Base is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 72 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,634 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (292 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,099 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Minot Air Force Base is covered by cropland (64%) and grassland (19%), within 10 miles by cropland (88%) and grassland (10%), and within 50 miles by cropland (71%) and grassland (26%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Minot Air Force Base, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Minot Air Force Base.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Minot Air Force Base according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Minot Air Force Base is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Minot Air Force Base and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Minot Air Force Base (100%, 0.9 kilometers, southwest) and Melita, Man (0.2%, 99 kilometers, north).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.