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Average Weather in Toloriu Spain

In Toloriu, the summers are comfortable, the winters are long and chilly, and it is dry and partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 25°F to 75°F and is rarely below 16°F or above 82°F.

The warm season lasts for 2.9 months, from June 15 to September 13, with an average daily high temperature above 68°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 75°F and low of 54°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.9 months, from November 16 to March 12, with an average daily high temperature below 48°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 25°F and high of 41°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Toloriu12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecfreezingchillycoldcoolcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Toloriu, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Toloriu begins around June 19 and lasts for 2.6 months, ending around September 6. On July 20, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 77% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 23% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 6 and lasts for 9.4 months, ending around June 19. On October 29, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 56% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 44% of the time.

Cloud Cover

Cloud Cover in Toloriuclearercloudiercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecOct 2956%Oct 2956%Jul 2023%Jul 2023%Jun 1940%Jun 1940%Sep 640%Sep 640%overcastmostly cloudypartly cloudymostly clearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Toloriu varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 9.5 months, from September 3 to June 19, with a greater than 20% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 26% on May 8.

The drier season lasts 2.5 months, from June 19 to September 3. The smallest chance of a wet day is 13% on July 14.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 26% on May 8.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Toloriuwetwetdry0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecMay 826%May 826%Jul 1413%Jul 1413%Jan 116%Jan 116%Sep 320%Sep 320%snowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Toloriu experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Toloriu. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 9, with an average total accumulation of 1.7 inches.

The least rain falls around January 11, with an average total accumulation of 0.6 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Toloriu experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from November 14 to March 25, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 13, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.6 months, from March 25 to November 14. The least snow falls around July 29, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Toloriu varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 5 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 17 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:16 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 7 minutes later at 8:22 AM on January 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:20 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 14 minutes later at 9:34 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Toloriu during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Toloriu2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AM2 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 156:16 AMJun 156:16 AM9:34 PMJun 279:34 PMJun 27Dec 95:20 PMDec 95:20 PM8:22 AMJan 48:22 AMJan 4Mar 26DSTMar 26DSTDSTOct 29DSTOct 29daynightnightnightnight
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Toloriu, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Toloriu0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJul 30%Jul 30%humidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Toloriu experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.8 months, from October 25 to May 19, with average wind speeds of more than 3.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 5, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.0 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.2 months, from May 19 to October 25. The calmest day of the year is August 27, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.5 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Toloriu is from the north throughout the year.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Toloriu0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwestsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Toloriu is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.8 months, from July 6 to September 29, with an average temperature above 72°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 14, with an average temperature of 77°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.9 months, from December 7 to May 3, with an average temperature below 59°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 19, with an average temperature of 55°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 9 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 5, with an average of 7.5 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from October 28 to February 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 19, with an average of 1.9 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Toloriubrightdarkdark0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJul 57.5 kWhJul 57.5 kWhDec 191.9 kWhDec 191.9 kWhMay 96.4 kWhMay 96.4 kWhAug 186.4 kWhAug 186.4 kWhOct 283.0 kWhOct 283.0 kWhFeb 103.0 kWhFeb 103.0 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Toloriu are 42.362 deg latitude, 1.628 deg longitude, and 4,124 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Toloriu contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,625 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,877 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (7,362 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (9,659 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Toloriu is covered by trees (70%) and grassland (17%), within 10 miles by trees (57%) and grassland (19%), and within 50 miles by trees (53%) and cropland (17%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Toloriu, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Toloriu.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Toloriu according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Toloriu is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Toloriu and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Saint-Girons - Antichan (29%, 84 kilometers, northwest); Aeroport de Girona - Costa Brava (19%, 107 kilometers, southeast); Carcassonne-Salvaza (19%, 110 kilometers, northeast); Perpignan–Rivesaltes Airport (18%, 110 kilometers, northeast); and Barcelona–El Prat Airport (16%, 124 kilometers, south).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.