Average Weather in Éller Spain
In Éller, the summers are short and comfortable, the winters are long and freezing, and it is dry and partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 22°F to 72°F and is rarely below 12°F or above 79°F.
The warm season lasts for 2.9 months, from June 16 to September 13, with an average daily high temperature above 65°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 72°F and low of 50°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.9 months, from November 16 to March 14, with an average daily high temperature below 45°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 22°F and high of 38°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Éller, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Éller begins around June 20 and lasts for 2.5 months, ending around September 6. On July 20, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 74% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 26% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 6 and lasts for 9.5 months, ending around June 20. On October 29, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 59% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 41% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Éller varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 9.5 months, from September 3 to June 19, with a greater than 20% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 26% on May 8.
The drier season lasts 2.5 months, from June 19 to September 3. The smallest chance of a wet day is 14% on July 14.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Éller changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 10 months, from February 19 to December 31. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 25% on May 23.
Snow alone is the most common for 1.4 months, from December 31 to February 13. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 7% on January 19.
Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 6.0 days, from February 13 to February 19. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 6% on February 2.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Éller experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from February 11 to December 30, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 12, with an average total accumulation of 1.7 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 1.4 months, from December 30 to February 11. The least rain falls around January 12, with an average total accumulation of 0.5 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Éller experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.3 months, from October 27 to May 4, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 28, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.6 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.7 months, from May 4 to October 27. The least snow falls around August 12, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Éller varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 4 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 18 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:15 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 7 minutes later at 8:22 AM on January 3. The earliest sunset is at 5:19 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 14 minutes later at 9:33 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Éller during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Éller, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Éller experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from October 24 to May 16, with average wind speeds of more than 3.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 20, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.1 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.3 months, from May 16 to October 24. The calmest day of the year is August 27, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Éller varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 1.9 weeks, from July 4 to July 17 and for 1.0 months, from July 30 to August 31, with a peak percentage of 39% on August 27. The wind is most often from the north for 1.9 weeks, from July 17 to July 30 and for 10 months, from August 31 to July 4, with a peak percentage of 37% on July 25.
Éller is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.8 months, from July 6 to September 29, with an average temperature above 72°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 14, with an average temperature of 77°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.9 months, from December 7 to May 3, with an average temperature below 59°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 19, with an average temperature of 55°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 8 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 5, with an average of 7.5 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from October 28 to February 9, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 19, with an average of 1.9 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Éller are 42.416 deg latitude, 1.792 deg longitude, and 4,951 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Éller contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,943 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,957 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,804 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (9,865 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Éller is covered by trees (46%), shrubs (37%), and cropland (11%), within 10 miles by trees (41%) and grassland (21%), and within 50 miles by trees (56%) and cropland (16%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Éller, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Éller.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Éller according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Éller is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Éller and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Saint-Girons - Antichan (26%, 87 kilometers, northwest); Perpignan–Rivesaltes Airport (19%, 95 kilometers, northeast); Aeroport de Girona - Costa Brava (20%, 98 kilometers, southeast); Carcassonne-Salvaza (20%, 98 kilometers, northeast); and Barcelona–El Prat Airport (16%, 127 kilometers, south).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.