Average Weather in Ax-les-Thermes France
In Ax-les-Thermes, the summers are short and comfortable, the winters are long and very cold, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 25°F to 74°F and is rarely below 16°F or above 82°F.
The warm season lasts for 2.9 months, from June 16 to September 13, with an average daily high temperature above 67°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 74°F and low of 53°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.9 months, from November 17 to March 13, with an average daily high temperature below 47°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 25°F and high of 40°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Ax-les-Thermes, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Ax-les-Thermes begins around June 19 and lasts for 2.9 months, ending around September 14. On July 20, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 75% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 25% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 14 and lasts for 9.1 months, ending around June 19. On November 24, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 60% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 40% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Ax-les-Thermes varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 9.0 months, from September 20 to June 19, with a greater than 22% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 28% on May 2.
The drier season lasts 3.0 months, from June 19 to September 20. The smallest chance of a wet day is 15% on July 14.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 27% on May 7.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ax-les-Thermes experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Ax-les-Thermes. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 9, with an average total accumulation of 1.9 inches.
The least rain falls around January 11, with an average total accumulation of 0.8 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ax-les-Thermes experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.5 months, from November 2 to April 16, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 24, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.5 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.5 months, from April 16 to November 2. The least snow falls around July 29, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Ax-les-Thermes varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 2 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 20 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:13 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 9 minutes later at 8:23 AM on January 3. The earliest sunset is at 5:18 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 16 minutes later at 9:34 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Ax-les-Thermes during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Ax-les-Thermes, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Ax-les-Thermes experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.3 months, from October 30 to May 7, with average wind speeds of more than 5.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 20, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.7 months, from May 7 to October 30. The calmest day of the year is August 27, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Ax-les-Thermes is from the west throughout the year.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 12 to August 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 5, with an average of 7.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from October 29 to February 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 19, with an average of 1.7 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ax-les-Thermes are 42.720 deg latitude, 1.838 deg longitude, and 3,963 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Ax-les-Thermes contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 3,146 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,424 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (7,533 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (10,072 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Ax-les-Thermes is covered by trees (60%), cropland (18%), and grassland (16%), within 10 miles by trees (50%) and grassland (25%), and within 50 miles by trees (49%) and cropland (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Ax-les-Thermes, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Ax-les-Thermes.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Ax-les-Thermes according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Ax-les-Thermes is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Ax-les-Thermes and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Carcassonne-Salvaza (26%, 67 kilometers, northeast); Saint-Girons - Antichan (35%, 68 kilometers, northwest); Perpignan–Rivesaltes Airport (21%, 84 kilometers, east); and Aeroport de Girona - Costa Brava (18%, 119 kilometers, southeast).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.