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Average Weather in Montgaillard France

In Montgaillard, the summers are warm, the winters are long and chilly, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 33°F to 78°F and is rarely below 24°F or above 87°F.

The warm season lasts for 3.1 months, from June 13 to September 16, with an average daily high temperature above 71°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 78°F and low of 59°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 17 to March 9, with an average daily high temperature below 53°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 33°F and high of 46°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Montgaillard12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecchillycoldcoolcomfortablewarm
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Montgaillard, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Montgaillard begins around June 16 and lasts for 3.1 months, ending around September 19. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 76% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 24% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 19 and lasts for 8.9 months, ending around June 16. On November 24, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 60% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 40% of the time.

Cloud Cover

Cloud Cover in Montgaillardclearercloudiercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNov 2460%Nov 2460%Jul 2124%Jul 2124%Jun 1642%Jun 1642%Sep 1942%Sep 1942%overcastmostly cloudypartly cloudymostly clearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Montgaillard varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 8.5 months, from September 25 to June 11, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 33% on May 2.

The drier season lasts 3.5 months, from June 11 to September 25. The smallest chance of a wet day is 17% on July 20.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 33% on May 2.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Montgaillardwetwetdry0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecMay 233%May 233%Jul 2017%Jul 2017%Jan 123%Jan 123%Sep 2525%Sep 2525%Jun 1126%Jun 1126%snowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Montgaillard experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Montgaillard. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 3, with an average total accumulation of 2.3 inches.

The least rain falls around July 12, with an average total accumulation of 1.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Montgaillard does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Montgaillardsnow0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 inJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJan 150.1 inJan 150.1 inAug 50.0 inAug 50.0 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Montgaillard varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 1 minute of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 21 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:13 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 11 minutes later at 8:24 AM on January 3. The earliest sunset is at 5:18 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 18 minutes later at 9:36 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Montgaillard during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Montgaillard2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AM2 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 156:13 AMJun 156:13 AM9:36 PMJun 279:36 PMJun 27Dec 75:18 PMDec 75:18 PM8:24 AMJan 38:24 AMJan 3Mar 26DSTMar 26DSTDSTOct 29DSTOct 29daynightnightnightnight
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Montgaillard, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Montgaillard0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJan 270%Jan 270%Aug 52%Aug 52%humidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Montgaillard does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.5 miles per hour of 2.8 miles per hour throughout.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Montgaillard0.0 mph0.5 mph1.0 mph1.5 mph2.0 mph2.5 mph3.0 mph3.5 mph4.0 mph4.5 mph5.0 mph5.5 mphJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecFeb 193.2 mphFeb 193.2 mphAug 102.3 mphAug 102.3 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Montgaillard varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 1.0 months, from July 12 to August 12, with a peak percentage of 39% on July 21. The wind is most often from the west for 11 months, from August 12 to July 12, with a peak percentage of 57% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in MontgaillardWNW0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwestsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 15 to August 20, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 5, with an average of 7.3 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 29 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.8 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 19, with an average of 1.6 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Montgaillardbrightdarkdark0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJul 57.3 kWhJul 57.3 kWhDec 191.6 kWhDec 191.6 kWhMay 156.2 kWhMay 156.2 kWhAug 206.2 kWhAug 206.2 kWhOct 292.8 kWhOct 292.8 kWhFeb 132.8 kWhFeb 132.8 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Montgaillard are 42.933 deg latitude, 1.633 deg longitude, and 1,939 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Montgaillard contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,116 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,894 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,024 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (9,980 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Montgaillard is covered by trees (55%), cropland (18%), grassland (15%), and artificial surfaces (12%), within 10 miles by trees (59%) and grassland (21%), and within 50 miles by trees (40%) and cropland (31%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Montgaillard, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Montgaillard.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Montgaillard according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Montgaillard is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Montgaillard and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Saint-Girons - Antichan (53%, 44 kilometers, west); Carcassonne-Salvaza (25%, 63 kilometers, northeast); and Toulouse-Francazal (23%, 72 kilometers, north).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.