Average Weather in Canillo Andorra
In Canillo, the summers are short and cool; the winters are long, freezing, and snowy; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 16°F to 65°F and is rarely below 5°F or above 73°F.
The warm season lasts for 2.9 months, from June 17 to September 13, with an average daily high temperature above 58°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 65°F and low of 44°F.
The cold season lasts for 4.0 months, from November 16 to March 15, with an average daily high temperature below 38°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 16°F and high of 31°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Canillo, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Canillo begins around June 19 and lasts for 2.6 months, ending around September 7. On July 20, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 74% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 26% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 7 and lasts for 9.4 months, ending around June 19. On November 1, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 60% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 40% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Canillo varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 8.9 months, from September 22 to June 19, with a greater than 21% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 28% on May 8.
The drier season lasts 3.1 months, from June 19 to September 22. The smallest chance of a wet day is 14% on July 14.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Canillo changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 6.6 months, from April 22 to November 8. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 22% on June 1.
Snow alone is the most common for 4.9 months, from November 8 to April 7. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 18% on January 16.
Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 2.1 weeks, from April 7 to April 22. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 11% on April 14.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Canillo experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from April 6 to November 20, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 29, with an average total accumulation of 1.5 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from November 20 to April 6. The least rain falls around February 2, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Canillo experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 8.7 months, from September 23 to June 14, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 1.2 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from June 14 to September 23. The least snow falls around August 19, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Canillo varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 3 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 19 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:15 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 8 minutes later at 8:23 AM on January 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:20 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 15 minutes later at 9:35 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Canillo during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Canillo, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Canillo experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from October 25 to May 15, with average wind speeds of more than 3.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.1 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.3 months, from May 15 to October 25. The calmest day of the year is August 27, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Canillo varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 1.9 weeks, from October 15 to October 28, with a peak percentage of 38% on October 26. The wind is most often from the north for 12 months, from October 28 to October 15, with a peak percentage of 50% on January 1.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 10 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 5, with an average of 7.5 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from October 28 to February 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 19, with an average of 1.8 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Canillo are 42.568 deg latitude, 1.598 deg longitude, and 6,719 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Canillo contains extreme variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 4,554 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 6,553 feet. Within 10 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (6,673 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (10,676 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Canillo is covered by trees (60%) and cropland (21%), within 10 miles by grassland (28%) and trees (25%), and within 50 miles by trees (51%) and cropland (17%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Canillo, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Canillo.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Canillo according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Canillo is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Canillo and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Saint-Girons - Antichan (27%, 64 kilometers, northwest); Carcassonne-Salvaza (20%, 92 kilometers, northeast); Perpignan–Rivesaltes Airport (18%, 106 kilometers, east); Aeroport de Girona - Costa Brava (19%, 121 kilometers, southeast); and Barcelona–El Prat Airport (16%, 147 kilometers, south).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.