Average Weather in Zacatecas Mexico
In Zacatecas, the summers are short and warm, the winters are short and cold, and it is dry and partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 33°F to 79°F and is rarely below 25°F or above 85°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Zacatecas for warm-weather activities is from mid May to mid June.
The warm season lasts for 2.1 months, from April 16 to June 21, with an average daily high temperature above 76°F. The hottest day of the year is May 24, with an average high of 79°F and low of 50°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.2 months, from December 1 to February 9, with an average daily high temperature below 67°F. The coldest day of the year is January 8, with an average low of 33°F and high of 64°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Zacatecas, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Zacatecas begins around October 23 and lasts for 7.9 months, ending around June 19. On May 23, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 68% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 32% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around June 19 and lasts for 4.1 months, ending around October 23. On September 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 76% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 24% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Zacatecas varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.7 months, from June 8 to September 28, with a greater than 21% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 41% on July 15.
The drier season lasts 8.3 months, from September 28 to June 8. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on March 16.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 41% on July 15.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Zacatecas experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.7 months, from May 15 to March 6, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 8, with an average total accumulation of 3.3 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.3 months, from March 6 to May 15. The least rain falls around March 29, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Zacatecas varies over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 44 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 32 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:43 AM on March 31, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 9 minutes later at 7:52 AM on October 27. The earliest sunset is at 6:04 PM on November 27, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 35 minutes later at 8:39 PM on July 4.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Zacatecas during 2018, starting in the spring on April 1, lasting 6.8 months, and ending in the fall on October 28.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Zacatecas, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Zacatecas experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from January 15 to May 5, with average wind speeds of more than 8.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 19, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.1 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 8.3 months, from May 5 to January 15. The calmest day of the year is October 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Zacatecas varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 5.6 months, from May 27 to November 16, with a peak percentage of 77% on August 23. The wind is most often from the west for 6.4 months, from November 16 to May 27, with a peak percentage of 43% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Zacatecas throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Zacatecas for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid May to mid June, with a peak score in the first week of June.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Zacatecas for hot-weather activities is from early May to early June, with a peak score in the last week of May.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Zacatecas typically lasts for 7.5 months (229 days), from around March 22 to around November 6, rarely starting before February 20 or after April 20, and rarely ending before October 14 or after December 4.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Zacatecas should appear around January 25, only rarely appearing before January 19 or after February 3.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from March 30 to June 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 23, with an average of 7.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from November 15 to January 29, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 19, with an average of 4.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Zacatecas are 22.768 deg latitude, -102.581 deg longitude, and 7,999 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Zacatecas contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,066 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 8,071 feet. Within 10 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,939 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,432 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Zacatecas is covered by grassland (50%) and artificial surfaces (43%), within 10 miles by grassland (87%), and within 50 miles by grassland (60%) and shrubs (26%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Zacatecas, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Zacatecas.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Zacatecas according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Zacatecas is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Zacatecas and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: General Leobardo C. Ruiz International Airport (90%, 18 kilometers, northwest) and Lic. Jesús Terán Peredo International Airport (10%, 121 kilometers, south).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.