Average Weather in Alcantarilla Spain
In Alcantarilla, the summers are hot and mostly clear; the winters are long, cold, and partly cloudy; and it is dry year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 39°F to 93°F and is rarely below 30°F or above 98°F.
The hot season lasts for 3.0 months, from June 15 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 87°F. The hottest day of the year is August 3, with an average high of 93°F and low of 70°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.9 months, from November 16 to March 13, with an average daily high temperature below 68°F. The coldest day of the year is January 7, with an average low of 39°F and high of 62°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Alcantarilla, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Alcantarilla begins around June 13 and lasts for 2.7 months, ending around September 4. On July 20, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 91% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 9% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 4 and lasts for 9.3 months, ending around June 13. On October 31, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 46% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 54% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Alcantarilla varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 8.5 months, from September 10 to May 26, with a greater than 7% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 13% on October 7.
The drier season lasts 3.5 months, from May 26 to September 10. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on August 3.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 13% on October 7.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Alcantarilla experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.9 months, from September 4 to May 31, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 13, with an average total accumulation of 1.1 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from May 31 to September 4. The least rain falls around July 24, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Alcantarilla varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 32 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 48 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:41 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 45 minutes later at 8:26 AM on October 28. The earliest sunset is at 5:45 PM on December 6, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 46 minutes later at 9:31 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Alcantarilla during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Alcantarilla experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from June 27 to September 28, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 11% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 15, with muggy conditions 41% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is December 16, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.The average hourly wind speed in Alcantarilla does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.5 miles per hour of 4.4 miles per hour throughout.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Alcantarilla varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 1.0 weeks, from April 4 to April 11, with a peak percentage of 30% on April 8. The wind is most often from the north for 3.0 weeks, from April 11 to May 2 and for 5.9 months, from October 7 to April 4, with a peak percentage of 29% on April 21. The wind is most often from the east for 5.2 months, from May 2 to October 7, with a peak percentage of 51% on July 24.
Alcantarilla is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.8 months, from July 5 to September 28, with an average temperature above 74°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 14, with an average temperature of 78°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.6 months, from December 11 to April 28, with an average temperature below 62°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 21, with an average temperature of 58°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from May 7 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 2, with an average of 8.1 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from October 28 to February 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 17, with an average of 2.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Alcantarilla are 37.969 deg latitude, -1.217 deg longitude, and 240 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Alcantarilla contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 354 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 244 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (3,412 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (5,302 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Alcantarilla is covered by cropland (49%) and artificial surfaces (40%), within 10 miles by cropland (58%) and trees (18%), and within 50 miles by cropland (42%) and water (26%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Alcantarilla, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Alcantarilla.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Alcantarilla according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Alcantarilla is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Alcantarilla and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Murcia–San Javier Airport (56%, 42 kilometers, southeast); Alicante Airport (28%, 67 kilometers, northeast); Albacete Airport (9%, 123 kilometers, northwest); and Almería Airport (7%, 162 kilometers, southwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.