Climate and Average Weather Year Round in El Refugio Mexico
In El Refugio, the wet season is overcast, the dry season is partly cloudy, and it is warm year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 43°F to 92°F and is rarely below 36°F or above 96°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit El Refugio for warm-weather activities is from late April to early June.
Climate in El Refugio
Average Temperature in El Refugio
The hot season lasts for 2.0 months, from April 11 to June 10, with an average daily high temperature above 89°F. The hottest day of the year is May 19, with an average high of 92°F and low of 59°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.5 months, from November 21 to February 7, with an average daily high temperature below 80°F. The coldest day of the year is January 8, with an average low of 43°F and high of 77°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in El Refugio
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in El Refugio
In El Refugio, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in El Refugio begins around October 23 and lasts for 7.7 months, ending around June 14. On May 17, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 64% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 36% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around June 14 and lasts for 4.3 months, ending around October 23. On September 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 88% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 12% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in El Refugio
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in El Refugio varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.8 months, from June 8 to October 2, with a greater than 41% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 81% on July 8.
The drier season lasts 8.2 months, from October 2 to June 8. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on March 26.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 81% on July 8.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in El Refugio
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. El Refugio experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.0 months, from May 15 to February 15, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 9, with an average total accumulation of 7.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from February 15 to May 15. The least rain falls around April 15, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in El Refugio
The length of the day in El Refugio varies over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 53 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 13 hours, 23 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in El Refugio
The earliest sunrise is at 6:46 AM on April 3, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 10 minutes later at 7:56 AM on October 30. The earliest sunset is at 6:12 PM on November 25, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 27 minutes later at 8:39 PM on July 4.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in El Refugio during 2021, starting in the spring on April 4, lasting 6.8 months, and ending in the fall on October 31.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in El Refugio
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in El Refugio
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in El Refugio, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in El Refugio
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in El Refugio experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from January 9 to June 9, with average wind speeds of more than 4.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 17, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.0 months, from June 9 to January 9. The calmest day of the year is July 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.8 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in El Refugio
The predominant average hourly wind direction in El Refugio varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 4.6 months, from August 4 to December 23, with a peak percentage of 49% on September 30. The wind is most often from the west for 7.4 months, from December 23 to August 4, with a peak percentage of 37% on January 1.
Wind Direction in El Refugio
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in El Refugio throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit El Refugio for general outdoor tourist activities is from late April to early June, with a peak score in the third week of May.
Tourism Score in El Refugio
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit El Refugio for hot-weather activities is from late April to mid June, with a peak score in the last week of May.
Beach/Pool Score in El Refugio
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
While it does not do so every year, freezing temperatures are seen in El Refugio over some winters. The day least likely to be in the growing season is January 8, with a 74% chance.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in El Refugio
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in El Refugio should appear around January 8, only rarely appearing before January 7 or after January 9.
Growing Degree Days in El Refugio
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from March 15 to June 4, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 6, with an average of 7.5 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.3 months, from November 15 to January 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 4.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in El Refugio
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of El Refugio are 20.671 deg latitude, -103.739 deg longitude, and 4,272 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of El Refugio contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 512 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,305 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (5,394 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (9,701 feet).
The area within 2 miles of El Refugio is covered by cropland (80%) and trees (19%), within 10 miles by cropland (46%) and trees (32%), and within 50 miles by trees (43%) and cropland (27%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in El Refugio, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in El Refugio.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and El Refugio according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at El Refugio is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between El Refugio and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Guadalajara International Airport (MMGL, 75%, 48 kilometers, east); Amado Nervo International Airport (MMEP, 16%, 142 kilometers, northwest); and Playa de Oro International Airport (MMZO, 8%, 190 kilometers, southwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.