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Average Weather in Madrid Spain

In Madrid, the summers are short, hot, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are very cold and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 33°F to 92°F and is rarely below 23°F or above 99°F.

Climate Summary

88%88%48%48%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.9 inprecipitation: 1.9 in0.2 in0.2 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrycoldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldbeach/pool score: 8.6beach/pool score: 8.60.00.0JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Madrid for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 2.9 months, from June 15 to September 10, with an average daily high temperature above 83°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 92°F and low of 64°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 14 to March 5, with an average daily high temperature below 58°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 33°F and high of 50°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in MadridJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcomfortablehotcoldcoolwarmvery cold
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Madrid, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Madrid begins around June 11 and lasts for 3.0 months, ending around September 12. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 88% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 12% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 12 and lasts for 9.0 months, ending around June 11. On December 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 52% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 48% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in MadridclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2188%Jul 2188%Dec 1648%Dec 1648%Jun 1168%Jun 1168%Sep 1269%Sep 1269%mostly cloudyclearovercastmostly clearpartly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Madrid varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 8.4 months, from October 1 to June 14, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 23% on April 29.

The drier season lasts 3.6 months, from June 14 to October 1. The smallest chance of a wet day is 4% on July 19.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 23% on April 29.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in MadridwetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Apr 2923%Apr 2923%Jul 194%Jul 194%Jan 119%Jan 119%Oct 114%Oct 114%Jun 1414%Jun 1414%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Madrid experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.9 months, from September 4 to July 2, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 27, with an average total accumulation of 1.9 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.1 months, from July 2 to September 4. The least rain falls around July 31, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Madrid varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 17 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 4 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:44 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 56 minutes later at 8:40 AM on October 28. The earliest sunset is at 5:48 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 1 minute later at 9:49 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Madrid during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in MadridJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AM2 AMJun 146:44 AMJun 146:44 AM9:49 PMJun 279:49 PMJun 27Dec 75:48 PMDec 75:48 PM8:40 AMOct 288:40 AMOct 28Mar 26DSTMar 26DSTDSTOct 29DSTOct 29daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Madrid, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in MadridJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 30%Feb 30%Jul 260%Jul 260%drydryhumidhumid
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Madrid experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from January 27 to May 7, with average wind speeds of more than 7.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 5, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 8.6 months, from May 7 to January 27. The calmest day of the year is September 16, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.1 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in MadridwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mphApr 58.7 mphApr 58.7 mphSep 167.1 mphSep 167.1 mphJan 277.9 mphJan 277.9 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Madrid varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 2.0 weeks, from April 4 to April 18 and for 6.2 months, from April 26 to October 31, with a peak percentage of 33% on August 4. The wind is most often from the north for 1.1 weeks, from April 18 to April 26 and for 5.1 months, from October 31 to April 4, with a peak percentage of 32% on April 21.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in MadridNWWNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westnorthsoutheast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Madrid throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Madrid for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to early October, with a peak score in the second week of September.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Madridbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.57.50.50.57.27.26.76.7 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Madrid for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Madridbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.68.60.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Madrid typically lasts for 7.6 months (232 days), from around March 28 to around November 15, rarely starting before February 27 or after April 22, and rarely ending before October 27 or after December 7.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Madridgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 2850%Mar 2850%Nov 1550%Nov 1590%Apr 2290%Apr 2290%Oct 2790%Oct 2710%Feb 2710%Feb 2710%Dec 710%Dec 70%Jan 200%Jan 20Aug 1100%Aug 1100%warmhotcoldcoolvery coldcomfortable
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Madrid should appear around March 13, only rarely appearing before March 1 or after March 31.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in MadridJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°F3,000°F3,500°F4,000°FMar 1388°FMar 1388°FJun 11900°FJun 11900°FJul 191,800°FJul 191,800°FDec 313,906°FDec 313,906°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 13 to August 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 6, with an average of 8.3 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 28 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 2.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in MadridbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJul 68.3 kWhJul 68.3 kWhDec 202.0 kWhDec 202.0 kWhMay 137.0 kWhMay 137.0 kWhAug 217.0 kWhAug 217.0 kWhOct 283.2 kWhOct 283.2 kWhFeb 133.2 kWhFeb 133.2 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Madrid are 40.417 deg latitude, -3.703 deg longitude, and 2,106 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Madrid contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 472 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,114 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (781 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (6,617 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Madrid is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (61%) and cropland (19%), and within 50 miles by cropland (50%) and trees (19%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Madrid, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Madrid.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Madrid according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Madrid is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Madrid and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport (95%, 14 kilometers, northeast); Salamanca Airport (2.6%, 163 kilometers, west); and Valladolid Airport (2.3%, 173 kilometers, northwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.