Average Weather in Madrid Spain
In Madrid, the summers are short, hot, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are long, chilly, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 33°F to 92°F and is rarely below 23°F or above 99°F.
The hot season lasts for 2.9 months, from June 14 to September 11, with an average daily high temperature above 83°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 92°F and low of 64°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 14 to March 5, with an average daily high temperature below 58°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 33°F and high of 50°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Madrid, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Madrid begins around June 11 and lasts for 3.0 months, ending around September 12. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 88% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 12% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 12 and lasts for 9.0 months, ending around June 11. On December 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 52% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 48% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Madrid varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 8.4 months, from October 1 to June 13, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 23% on April 29.
The drier season lasts 3.6 months, from June 13 to October 1. The smallest chance of a wet day is 4% on July 19.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 23% on April 29.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Madrid experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.9 months, from September 4 to July 1, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 27, with an average total accumulation of 1.9 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.1 months, from July 1 to September 4. The least rain falls around July 31, with and average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Madrid varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 17 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 4 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:44 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 56 minutes later at 8:40 AM on October 28. The earliest sunset is at 5:48 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 1 minute later at 9:49 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Madrid during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Madrid, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.The average hourly wind speed in Madrid does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.4 miles per hour of 4.3 miles per hour throughout.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Madrid varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 2.0 weeks, from April 4 to April 18 and for 6.2 months, from April 26 to October 31, with a peak percentage of 33% on August 4. The wind is most often from the north for 1.1 weeks, from April 18 to April 26 and for 5.1 months, from October 31 to April 4, with a peak percentage of 32% on April 21.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 13 to August 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 6, with an average of 8.3 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 27 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 2.0 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Madrid are 40.417 deg latitude, -3.703 deg longitude, and 2,106 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Madrid contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 472 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,114 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (781 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (6,617 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Madrid is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (61%) and cropland (19%), and within 50 miles by cropland (50%) and trees (19%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Madrid, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Madrid.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Madrid according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Madrid is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Madrid and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.