Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Orizaba Mexico
In Orizaba, the summers are short and hot, the winters are short and cold, and it is dry and partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 34°F to 88°F and is rarely below 26°F or above 93°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Orizaba for warm-weather activities is from mid May to late June.
Climate in Orizaba
Average Temperature in Orizaba
The hot season lasts for 2.1 months, from April 24 to June 28, with an average daily high temperature above 84°F. The hottest day of the year is June 3, with an average high of 88°F and low of 56°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.4 months, from November 30 to February 10, with an average daily high temperature below 73°F. The coldest day of the year is January 7, with an average low of 34°F and high of 69°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Orizaba
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Orizaba
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Orizaba, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Orizaba begins around October 14 and lasts for 8.3 months, ending around June 23. On May 24, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 72% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 28% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around June 23 and lasts for 3.7 months, ending around October 14. On September 6, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 76% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 24% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Orizaba
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Orizaba varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.6 months, from June 15 to October 3, with a greater than 26% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 51% on July 16.
The drier season lasts 8.4 months, from October 3 to June 15. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on April 8.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 51% on July 16.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Orizaba
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Orizaba experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.6 months, from May 23 to February 11, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 30, with an average total accumulation of 3.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from February 11 to May 23. The least rain falls around April 11, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Orizaba
The length of the day in Orizaba varies over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 39 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 13 hours, 37 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Orizaba
The earliest sunrise is at 6:45 AM on April 3, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 16 minutes later at 8:01 AM on October 30. The earliest sunset is at 6:08 PM on November 28, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 40 minutes later at 8:47 PM on July 3.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Orizaba during 2021, starting in the spring on April 4, lasting 6.8 months, and ending in the fall on October 31.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Orizaba
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Orizaba
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Orizaba, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Orizaba
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Orizaba experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from December 16 to May 11, with average wind speeds of more than 8.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 22, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.4 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.1 months, from May 11 to December 16. The calmest day of the year is October 16, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Orizaba
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Orizaba varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 5.0 months, from January 1 to June 2 and for 1.1 months, from November 7 to December 9, with a peak percentage of 59% on April 8. The wind is most often from the east for 5.2 months, from June 2 to November 7, with a peak percentage of 63% on September 10. The wind is most often from the south for 3.3 weeks, from December 9 to January 1, with a peak percentage of 38% on December 22.
Wind Direction in Orizaba
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Orizaba throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Orizaba for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid May to late June, with a peak score in the last week of May.
Tourism Score in Orizaba
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Orizaba for hot-weather activities is from mid May to mid June, with a peak score in the first week of June.
Beach/Pool Score in Orizaba
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Orizaba typically lasts for 8.2 months (252 days), from around March 9 to around November 16, rarely starting before February 13 or after April 6, and rarely ending before October 24 or after December 5.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Orizaba
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Orizaba should appear around January 15, only rarely appearing before January 11 or after January 22.
Growing Degree Days in Orizaba
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from April 2 to June 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 23, with an average of 8.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from November 13 to January 29, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 19, with an average of 4.3 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Orizaba
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Orizaba are 23.958 deg latitude, -104.074 deg longitude, and 6,204 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Orizaba is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 92 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 6,205 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (1,995 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,168 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Orizaba is covered by cropland (57%) and grassland (36%), within 10 miles by grassland (63%) and shrubs (16%), and within 50 miles by grassland (60%) and trees (20%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Orizaba, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Durango International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Orizaba.
At a distance of 50 kilometers from Orizaba, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Orizaba according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.