Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Dornoch United Kingdom
In Dornoch, the summers are cool, the winters are very cold and windy, and it is mostly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 33°F to 64°F and is rarely below 24°F or above 70°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Dornoch for warm-weather activities is from early July to late August.
Climate in Dornoch
Average Temperature in Dornoch
The warm season lasts for 3.1 months, from June 14 to September 17, with an average daily high temperature above 59°F. The hottest day of the year is August 1, with an average high of 64°F and low of 51°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.6 months, from November 21 to March 10, with an average daily high temperature below 46°F. The coldest day of the year is December 31, with an average low of 33°F and high of 42°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Dornoch
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Dornoch
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Dornoch, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Dornoch begins around April 15 and lasts for 6.1 months, ending around October 19. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 45% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 55% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 19 and lasts for 5.9 months, ending around April 15. On January 28, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 69% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 31% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Dornoch
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Dornoch varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 8.6 months, from June 27 to March 14, with a greater than 35% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 42% on October 30.
The drier season lasts 3.4 months, from March 14 to June 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 27% on May 14.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 42% on October 30.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Dornoch
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Dornoch experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Dornoch. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 21, with an average total accumulation of 3.0 inches.
The least rain falls around April 29, with an average total accumulation of 1.6 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Dornoch
The length of the day in Dornoch varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 6 hours, 29 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 18 hours, 9 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Dornoch
The earliest sunrise is at 4:13 AM on June 18, and the latest sunrise is 4 hours, 48 minutes later at 9:01 AM on December 28. The earliest sunset is at 3:27 PM on December 15, and the latest sunset is 6 hours, 55 minutes later at 10:22 PM on June 23.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Dornoch during 2021, starting in the spring on March 28, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 31.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Dornoch
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Dornoch
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Dornoch, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Dornoch
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Dornoch experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.1 months, from October 4 to April 6, with average wind speeds of more than 13.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 16.5 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.9 months, from April 6 to October 4. The calmest day of the year is August 2, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Dornoch
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Dornoch is from the west throughout the year.
Wind Direction in Dornoch
Dornoch is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.0 months, from June 29 to September 30, with an average temperature above 54°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 7, with an average temperature of 57°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.8 months, from December 30 to April 24, with an average temperature below 46°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 27, with an average temperature of 43°F.
Average Water Temperature in Dornoch
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Dornoch throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Dornoch for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
Tourism Score in Dornoch
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Dornoch for hot-weather activities is from mid July to mid August, with a peak score in the first week of August.
Beach/Pool Score in Dornoch
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Dornoch typically lasts for 5.9 months (180 days), from around April 28 to around October 25, rarely starting before April 7 or after May 17, and rarely ending before September 28 or after November 21.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Dornoch
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Dornoch should appear around May 27, only rarely appearing before May 14 or after June 13.
Growing Degree Days in Dornoch
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from April 30 to August 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 21, with an average of 5.5 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from October 20 to February 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 0.3 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Dornoch
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Dornoch are 57.881 deg latitude, -4.029 deg longitude, and 39 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Dornoch contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 253 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 44 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,444 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,596 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Dornoch is covered by water (35%), grassland (33%), and trees (15%), within 10 miles by water (35%) and trees (19%), and within 50 miles by water (26%) and shrubs (23%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Dornoch, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Dornoch.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Dornoch according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Dornoch is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Dornoch and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Tain Range (EGQA, 96%, 8 kilometers, southeast); Wick Airport (EGPC, 2.8%, 85 kilometers, northeast); and Stornoway Airport (EGPO, 1.3%, 141 kilometers, west).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.