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Average Weather in Orbita Spain

In Orbita, the summers are short, warm, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are very cold and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 32°F to 86°F and is rarely below 24°F or above 93°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Orbita for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August.

Climate Summary

coldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow86%86%41%41%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.7 inprecipitation: 1.7 in0.3 in0.3 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%drydrybeach/pool score: 7.8beach/pool score: 7.80.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 2.8 months, from June 16 to September 11, with an average daily high temperature above 78°F. The hottest day of the year is July 31, with an average high of 86°F and low of 58°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 15 to March 4, with an average daily high temperature below 54°F. The coldest day of the year is January 22, with an average low of 32°F and high of 47°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature in OrbitahotcoolcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FJan 2247°FJan 2247°FJul 3186°FJul 3186°F32°F32°F58°F58°FJun 1678°FJun 1678°FSep 1178°FSep 1178°FNov 1554°FNov 1554°FMar 454°FMar 454°F53°F53°F53°F53°F38°F38°F35°F35°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in OrbitaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldvery coldvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolwarmcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

East Quincy, California, United States (5,568 miles away) and Bear Valley Springs, California, United States (5,721 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Orbita (view comparison).

Clouds

In Orbita, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Orbita begins around June 7 and lasts for 3.3 months, ending around September 17. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 86% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 14% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 17 and lasts for 8.7 months, ending around June 7. On December 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 60% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 41% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in OrbitaclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2186%Jul 2186%Dec 1641%Dec 1641%Jun 763%Jun 763%Sep 1764%Sep 1764%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Orbita varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 8.7 months, from September 27 to June 16, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 23% on May 17.

The drier season lasts 3.3 months, from June 16 to September 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 6% on July 31.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 23% on May 17.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in OrbitawetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%May 1723%May 1723%Jul 316%Jul 316%Jan 119%Jan 119%Sep 2714%Sep 2714%NowNowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Orbita experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 10 months, from August 28 to July 8, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 24, with an average total accumulation of 1.7 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 1.6 months, from July 8 to August 28. The least rain falls around July 27, with an average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall in OrbitarainrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in2.5 in2.5 in3.0 in3.0 in3.5 in3.5 inOct 241.7 inOct 241.7 inJul 270.3 inJul 270.3 inMay 121.3 inMay 121.3 inDec 91.1 inDec 91.1 inMar 40.7 inMar 40.7 inAug 280.5 inAug 280.5 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Orbita varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 13 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 8 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:45 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 1 minute later at 8:47 AM on October 30. The earliest sunset is at 5:50 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 5 minutes later at 9:54 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Orbita during 2021, starting in the spring on March 28, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 31.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in OrbitaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AM2 AMJun 146:45 AMJun 146:45 AM9:54 PMJun 279:54 PMJun 27Dec 75:50 PMDec 75:50 PM8:47 AMOct 308:47 AMOct 30Mar 28DSTMar 28DSTDSTOct 31DSTOct 31daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Orbita, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in OrbitaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Jul 30%Jul 30%drydrycomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Orbita experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from October 9 to May 7, with average wind speeds of more than 8.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 7, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 7 to October 9. The calmest day of the year is August 28, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.4 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in OrbitawindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph16 mph16 mphApr 79.7 mphApr 79.7 mphAug 287.4 mphAug 287.4 mphOct 98.5 mphOct 98.5 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Orbita varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 1.5 months, from September 27 to November 11 and for 3.1 weeks, from December 6 to December 28, with a peak percentage of 38% on October 27. The wind is most often from the west for 3.6 weeks, from November 11 to December 6 and for 9.0 months, from December 28 to September 27, with a peak percentage of 33% on November 24.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in OrbitaWSWSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsouthnortheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Orbita throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Orbita for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to mid September, with a peak score in the second week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Orbitabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.08.00.10.1NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Orbita for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Orbitabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810107.87.80.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Orbita typically lasts for 6.9 months (210 days), from around April 13 to around November 8, rarely starting before March 20 or after May 5, and rarely ending before October 19 or after December 2.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Orbitagrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Apr 1350%Apr 1350%Nov 850%Nov 890%May 590%May 590%Oct 1990%Oct 1910%Mar 2010%Mar 2010%Dec 210%Dec 20%Feb 20%Feb 2Jul 29100%Jul 29100%NowNowvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Orbita should appear around April 2, only rarely appearing before March 19 or after April 21.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in OrbitaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°F2,500°F2,500°F3,000°F3,000°FApr 289°FApr 289°FJun 30900°FJun 30900°FAug 111,800°FAug 111,800°FDec 312,869°FDec 312,869°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 13 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 6, with an average of 8.2 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 28 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 1.9 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in OrbitabrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWh10 kWh10 kWhJul 68.2 kWhJul 68.2 kWhDec 221.9 kWhDec 221.9 kWhMay 136.9 kWhMay 136.9 kWhAug 226.9 kWhAug 226.9 kWhOct 283.1 kWhOct 283.1 kWhFeb 133.1 kWhFeb 133.1 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Orbita are 40.998 deg latitude, -4.648 deg longitude, and 2,844 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Orbita contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 249 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,856 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (863 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (6,332 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Orbita is covered by cropland (94%), within 10 miles by cropland (79%) and trees (18%), and within 50 miles by cropland (54%) and trees (23%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Orbita, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Orbita.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Orbita according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Orbita is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Orbita and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Salamanca Airport (42%, 72 kilometers, west); Valladolid Airport (36%, 81 kilometers, north); and Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport (22%, 107 kilometers, southeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.