Average Weather in Cardeña Spain
In Cardeña, the summers are short, hot, arid, and mostly clear and the winters are very cold and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 31°F to 92°F and is rarely below 22°F or above 99°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Cardeña for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August.
The hot season lasts for 2.9 months, from June 15 to September 10, with an average daily high temperature above 84°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 92°F and low of 62°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 14 to March 4, with an average daily high temperature below 58°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 31°F and high of 50°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Cardeña, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Cardeña begins around June 9 and lasts for 3.0 months, ending around September 11. On July 23, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 92% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 8% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 11 and lasts for 9.0 months, ending around June 9. On December 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 51% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 49% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Cardeña varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 8.0 months, from September 26 to May 26, with a greater than 12% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 22% on October 31.
The drier season lasts 4.0 months, from May 26 to September 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on July 31.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 22% on October 31.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Cardeña experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.2 months, from September 6 to June 12, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 4, with an average total accumulation of 2.3 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from June 12 to September 6. The least rain falls around August 1, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Cardeña varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 30 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 50 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:53 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 48 minutes later at 8:41 AM on October 30. The earliest sunset is at 5:56 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 48 minutes later at 9:44 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Cardeña during 2021, starting in the spring on March 28, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 31.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases
The perceived humidity level in Cardeña, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The average hourly wind speed in Cardeña experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from October 22 to May 20, with average wind speeds of more than 7.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 7, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.3 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.1 months, from May 20 to October 22. The calmest day of the year is August 28, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Cardeña varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 7.7 months, from March 11 to November 1, with a peak percentage of 59% on August 4. The wind is most often from the east for 4.3 months, from November 1 to March 11, with a peak percentage of 36% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Cardeña throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Cardeña for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid May to early October, with a peak score in the second week of September.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Cardeña for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Cardeña typically lasts for 7.6 months (233 days), from around March 29 to around November 17, rarely starting before March 5 or after April 23, and rarely ending before October 28 or after December 7.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Cardeña should appear around March 16, only rarely appearing before March 4 or after April 1.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 13 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 4, with an average of 8.3 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 28 to February 14, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 2.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Cardeña are 38.270 deg latitude, -4.324 deg longitude, and 2,451 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Cardeña contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 673 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,469 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (2,648 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (4,990 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Cardeña is covered by cropland (89%) and trees (11%), within 10 miles by cropland (54%) and trees (38%), and within 50 miles by cropland (63%) and trees (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Cardeña, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Cardeña.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Cardeña according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Cardeña is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Cardeña and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Córdoba Airport (37%, 66 kilometers, southwest); Ciudad Real Central Airport (41%, 87 kilometers, northeast); and Federico García Lorca Airport (22%, 130 kilometers, south).
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .