Average Weather in Santa Fe New Mexico, United States
In Santa Fe, the summers are warm, the winters are freezing and snowy, and it is mostly clear year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 18°F to 83°F and is rarely below 7°F or above 90°F.
The warm season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 26 to September 16, with an average daily high temperature above 74°F. The hottest day of the year is July 4, with an average high of 83°F and low of 54°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from November 21 to February 22, with an average daily high temperature below 49°F. The coldest day of the year is January 6, with an average low of 18°F and high of 40°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Santa Fe, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Santa Fe begins around May 16 and lasts for 1.7 months, ending around July 8. On June 12, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 79% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 21% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around July 8 and lasts for 10 months, ending around May 16. On July 28, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 37% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 63% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Santa Fe varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 2.4 months, from June 29 to September 10, with a greater than 22% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 37% on August 2.
The drier season lasts 9.6 months, from September 10 to June 29. The smallest chance of a wet day is 7% on January 24.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Santa Fe changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 9.3 months, from February 19 to November 28. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 37% on August 2.
Snow alone is the most common for 2.6 months, from December 1 to February 19. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 5% on December 30.
Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 3.0 days, from November 28 to December 1. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 4% on March 13.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Santa Fe experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.8 months, from April 17 to November 11, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 1, with an average total accumulation of 1.9 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.2 months, from November 11 to April 17. The least rain falls around January 16, with and average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Santa Fe experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.3 months, from October 28 to April 6, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 19, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from April 6 to October 28. The least snow falls around July 21, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Santa Fe varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 44 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 35 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:47 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 42 minutes later at 7:29 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:50 PM on December 5, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 34 minutes later at 8:23 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Santa Fe during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Santa Fe, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Santa Fe experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.7 months, from October 29 to June 20, with average wind speeds of more than 4.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.3 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.3 months, from June 20 to October 29. The calmest day of the year is August 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Santa Fe varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 5.0 days, from July 17 to July 22, with a peak percentage of 35% on July 20. The wind is most often from the west for 12 months, from July 22 to July 17, with a peak percentage of 54% on January 1.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from April 21 to July 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 10, with an average of 8.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from November 4 to February 9, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 3.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Santa Fe are 35.687 deg latitude, -105.938 deg longitude, and 7,133 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Santa Fe contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 801 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 7,091 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (5,358 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (8,038 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Santa Fe is covered by shrubs (99%), within 10 miles by shrubs (55%) and trees (37%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (47%) and trees (38%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Santa Fe, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Santa Fe.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Santa Fe according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Santa Fe is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Santa Fe and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Santa Fe Municipal Airport (70%, 16 kilometers, southwest); Las Vegas Municipal Airport (17%, 72 kilometers, east); and Taos Regional Airport (13%, 88 kilometers, north).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.