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Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Salamanca Spain

In Salamanca, the summers are short, warm, and mostly clear; the winters are very cold, windy, and partly cloudy; and it is dry year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 31°F to 86°F and is rarely below 22°F or above 94°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Salamanca for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August.

Climate in Salamanca

coldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow86%86%41%41%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.7 inprecipitation: 1.7 in0.3 in0.3 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 7.4beach/pool score: 7.40.00.0
Salamanca weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

The hot season lasts for 2.9 months, from June 15 to September 12, with an average daily high temperature above 78°F. The hottest month of the year in Salamanca is July, with an average high of 85°F and low of 55°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.6 months, from November 15 to March 3, with an average daily high temperature below 55°F. The coldest month of the year in Salamanca is January, with an average low of 31°F and high of 47°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in Salamanca

Average High and Low Temperature in SalamancahotcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FJan 2348°FJan 2348°FJul 3086°FJul 3086°F31°F31°F56°F56°FJun 1578°FJun 1578°FSep 1278°FSep 1278°FNov 1555°FNov 1555°FMar 355°FMar 355°F52°F52°F51°F51°F37°F37°F33°F33°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.
AverageJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
High 47°F51°F57°F61°F68°F78°F85°F84°F76°F65°F55°F48°F
Temp. 38°F41°F46°F50°F57°F65°F70°F69°F63°F54°F45°F40°F
Low 31°F32°F36°F40°F46°F52°F55°F55°F50°F44°F37°F33°F

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in Salamanca

Average Hourly Temperature in SalamancaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldvery coldvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcomfortablecomfortablewarm
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Twain Harte, California, United States (5,601 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Salamanca (view comparison).

Map
Marker
© Esri, et al.

Compare Salamanca to another city:

Map

In Salamanca, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Salamanca begins around June 6 and lasts for 3.4 months, ending around September 18.

The clearest month of the year in Salamanca is July, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 84% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 18 and lasts for 8.6 months, ending around June 6.

The cloudiest month of the year in Salamanca is December, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 59% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories in Salamanca

Cloud Cover Categories in SalamancaclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2186%Jul 2186%Dec 3041%Dec 3041%Jun 663%Jun 663%Sep 1864%Sep 1864%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.
FractionJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Cloudier 57%52%50%47%42%30%16%21%36%49%57%59%
Clearer 43%48%50%53%58%70%84%79%64%51%43%41%

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Salamanca varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 8.6 months, from September 24 to June 10, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days in Salamanca is October, with an average of 6.4 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.

The drier season lasts 3.4 months, from June 10 to September 24. The month with the fewest wet days in Salamanca is July, with an average of 1.9 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone in Salamanca is October, with an average of 6.4 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 23% on October 31.

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Salamanca

Daily Chance of Precipitation in SalamancawetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Oct 3123%Oct 3123%Jul 315%Jul 315%Jan 118%Jan 118%Sep 2414%Sep 2414%Jun 1014%Jun 1014%NowNowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).
Days ofJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Rain 4.7d3.7d4.3d5.8d5.8d3.7d1.9d1.9d3.6d6.4d5.6d5.1d
Mixed 0.1d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.1d
Any 5.1d4.0d4.4d5.9d5.8d3.7d1.9d1.9d3.6d6.4d5.6d5.3d

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Salamanca experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 10 months, from August 30 to July 2, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The month with the most rain in Salamanca is October, with an average rainfall of 1.6 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 1.9 months, from July 2 to August 30. The month with the least rain in Salamanca is July, with an average rainfall of 0.3 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in Salamanca

Average Monthly Rainfall in SalamancarainrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in2.5 in2.5 in3.0 in3.0 in3.5 in3.5 inOct 241.7 inOct 241.7 inJul 270.3 inJul 270.3 inDec 281.2 inDec 281.2 inMay 121.2 inMay 121.2 inMar 40.6 inMar 40.6 inAug 300.5 inAug 300.5 inNowNow
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Rainfall 1.0″0.7″0.7″1.1″1.2″0.8″0.3″0.3″0.8″1.6″1.4″1.2″

The length of the day in Salamanca varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 14 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 7 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Salamanca

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in SalamancaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2015 hr, 7 minJun 2115 hr, 7 minJun 2112 hr, 9 minSep 2212 hr, 9 minSep 229 hr, 14 minDec 219 hr, 14 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.
Hours ofJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Daylight 9.6h10.7h12.0h13.4h14.5h15.1h14.7h13.7h12.4h11.0h9.9h9.3h

The earliest sunrise is at 6:50 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 1 minute later at 8:51 AM on October 30. The earliest sunset is at 5:54 PM on December 8, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 5 minutes later at 9:58 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Salamanca during 2021, starting in the spring on March 28, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 31.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Salamanca

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in SalamancaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AM2 AMJun 146:50 AMJun 146:50 AM9:58 PMJun 279:58 PMJun 27Dec 85:54 PMDec 85:54 PM8:51 AMOct 308:51 AMOct 30Mar 28DSTMar 28DSTDSTOct 31DSTOct 31daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Salamanca

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Salamanca, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels in Salamanca

Humidity Comfort Levels in SalamancaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Jan 110%Jan 110%Aug 130%Aug 130%NowNowdrydrycomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Muggy days 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Salamanca experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.1 months, from October 7 to May 9, with average wind speeds of more than 9.0 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Salamanca is April, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.9 months, from May 9 to October 7. The calmest month of the year in Salamanca is August, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.1 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in Salamanca

Average Wind Speed in SalamancawindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph16 mph16 mph18 mph18 mphApr 710.2 mphApr 710.2 mphAug 277.9 mphAug 277.9 mphOct 79.0 mphOct 79.0 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Wind Speed (mph) 9.59.69.69.78.88.38.28.18.39.39.69.5

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Salamanca varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 8.8 months, from January 15 to October 8, with a peak percentage of 43% on June 20. The wind is most often from the south for 3.2 months, from October 8 to January 15, with a peak percentage of 34% on January 1.

Wind Direction in Salamanca

Wind Direction in SalamancaSWSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsouthnortheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Salamanca throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Salamanca for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to mid September, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score in Salamanca

Tourism Score in Salamancabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810107.97.90.20.2NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Salamanca for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score in Salamanca

Beach/Pool Score in Salamancabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810107.47.40.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Salamanca typically lasts for 6.5 months (199 days), from around April 15 to around October 31, rarely starting before March 24 or after May 5, and rarely ending before October 9 or after November 21.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Salamanca

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Salamancagrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Apr 1550%Apr 1550%Oct 3150%Oct 3190%May 590%May 590%Oct 990%Oct 910%Mar 2410%Mar 2410%Nov 2110%Nov 210%Feb 10%Feb 1Jul 21100%Jul 21100%NowNowvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Salamanca should appear around March 27, only rarely appearing before March 13 or after April 17.

Growing Degree Days in Salamanca

Growing Degree Days in SalamancaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°F2,500°F2,500°F3,000°F3,000°FMar 2790°FMar 2790°FJun 28900°FJun 28900°FAug 131,800°FAug 131,800°FDec 312,779°FDec 312,779°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 13 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.9 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Salamanca is July, with an average of 8.1 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 27 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.1 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Salamanca is December, with an average of 1.9 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Salamanca

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in SalamancabrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWh10 kWh10 kWhJul 68.2 kWhJul 68.2 kWhDec 221.8 kWhDec 221.8 kWhMay 136.9 kWhMay 136.9 kWhAug 226.9 kWhAug 226.9 kWhOct 273.1 kWhOct 273.1 kWhFeb 133.1 kWhFeb 133.1 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Solar Energy (kWh) 2.23.24.75.97.17.98.17.15.53.72.41.9

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Salamanca are 40.969 deg latitude, -5.664 deg longitude, and 2,674 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Salamanca contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 331 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,648 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (764 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (6,893 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Salamanca is covered by artificial surfaces (61%) and cropland (34%), within 10 miles by cropland (80%), and within 50 miles by cropland (60%) and trees (16%).

This report illustrates the typical weather in Salamanca, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Salamanca.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Salamanca according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Salamanca is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Salamanca and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:

  • Salamanca Airport (LESA, 97%, 9 mi, east, -79 ft elevation change)
  • Braganca (LPBG, 3.3%, 82 mi, northwest, -410 ft elevation change)

To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Salamanca and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

Please review our full terms contained on our Terms of Service page.