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Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Los Lunas New Mexico, United States

In Los Lunas, the summers are hot and dry; the winters are short, very cold, and snowy; and it is mostly clear year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 28°F to 94°F and is rarely below 19°F or above 100°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Los Lunas for warm-weather activities are from late May to late July and from late July to late September.

Climate in Los Lunas

coldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow80%80%62%62%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.5 inprecipitation: 1.5 in0.3 in0.3 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.6tourism score: 7.60.30.3
Los Lunas weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

The hot season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 23 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 85°F. The hottest month of the year in Los Lunas is July, with an average high of 93°F and low of 68°F.

The cold season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 21 to February 16, with an average daily high temperature below 58°F. The coldest month of the year in Los Lunas is December, with an average low of 29°F and high of 50°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in Los Lunas

Average High and Low Temperature in Los LunashotcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FJan 449°FJan 449°FJul 294°FJul 294°F28°F28°F68°F68°FMay 2385°FMay 2385°FSep 1485°FSep 1485°FNov 2158°FNov 2158°FFeb 1658°FFeb 1658°F57°F57°F61°F61°F35°F35°F33°F33°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.
AverageJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
High 51°F57°F66°F74°F82°F91°F93°F90°F83°F73°F60°F50°F
Temp. 38°F43°F51°F59°F68°F78°F80°F77°F71°F60°F47°F38°F
Low 29°F33°F39°F46°F55°F64°F68°F67°F60°F48°F37°F29°F

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in Los Lunas

Average Hourly Temperature in Los LunasJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldvery coldvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotfreezingfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Pāsārgād, Iran (7,767 miles away); Mashhad, Iran (7,452 miles); and Quetta, Pakistan (7,937 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Los Lunas (view comparison).

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© Esri, et al.

Compare Los Lunas to another city:

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In Los Lunas, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Los Lunas begins around May 16 and lasts for 1.8 months, ending around July 8.

The clearest month of the year in Los Lunas is June, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 79% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around July 8 and lasts for 10 months, ending around May 16.

The cloudiest month of the year in Los Lunas is February, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 37% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories in Los Lunas

Cloud Cover Categories in Los LunasclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jun 1280%Jun 1280%Feb 1562%Feb 1562%NowNowclearmostly clearovercastmostly cloudypartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.
FractionJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Cloudier 34%37%33%30%28%21%32%33%24%24%29%33%
Clearer 66%63%67%70%72%79%68%67%76%76%71%67%

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Los Lunas varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 2.1 months, from July 5 to September 9, with a greater than 19% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days in Los Lunas is August, with an average of 8.4 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.

The drier season lasts 9.9 months, from September 9 to July 5. The month with the fewest wet days in Los Lunas is April, with an average of 1.8 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone in Los Lunas is August, with an average of 8.4 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 32% on August 8.

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Los Lunas

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Los LunaswetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Aug 832%Aug 832%Jun 95%Jun 95%Jan 17%Jan 17%Jul 519%Jul 519%Sep 919%Sep 919%NowNowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).
Days ofJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Rain 1.4d1.5d2.0d1.8d2.4d2.8d7.9d8.4d5.1d3.2d2.4d1.8d
Mixed 0.2d0.1d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.1d0.3d
Snow 0.4d0.2d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.1d0.3d
Any 2.1d1.8d2.0d1.8d2.4d2.8d7.9d8.4d5.1d3.3d2.5d2.4d

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Los Lunas experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 4.6 months, from June 18 to November 7, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The month with the most rain in Los Lunas is August, with an average rainfall of 1.3 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 7.4 months, from November 7 to June 18. The month with the least rain in Los Lunas is January, with an average rainfall of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in Los Lunas

Average Monthly Rainfall in Los LunasrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in2.5 in2.5 in3.0 in3.0 inJul 311.5 inJul 311.5 inFeb 50.2 inFeb 50.2 inJun 10.3 inJun 10.3 inNov 70.5 inNov 70.5 inNowNow
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Rainfall 0.2″0.2″0.3″0.3″0.4″0.5″1.2″1.3″1.1″0.8″0.4″0.3″

The length of the day in Los Lunas varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2022, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 49 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 30 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Los Lunas

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.
Hours ofJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Daylight 10.1h11.0h12.0h13.1h14.0h14.5h14.2h13.4h12.3h11.3h10.3h9.9h

The earliest sunrise is at 5:52 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 39 minutes later at 7:31 AM on November 5. The earliest sunset is at 4:55 PM on December 5, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 29 minutes later at 8:24 PM on June 29.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Los Lunas during 2022, starting in the spring on March 13, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 6.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Los Lunas

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Los LunasJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 125:52 AMJun 125:52 AM8:24 PMJun 298:24 PMJun 29Dec 54:55 PMDec 54:55 PM7:31 AMNov 57:31 AMNov 5Mar 13DSTMar 13DSTDSTNov 6DSTNov 6daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2022. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2022. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Los Lunas

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Los Lunas, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels in Los Lunas

Humidity Comfort Levels in Los LunasJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Feb 220%Feb 220%Aug 100%Aug 100%NowNowdrydrycomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Muggy days 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Los Lunas experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from February 4 to June 21, with average wind speeds of more than 8.0 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Los Lunas is April, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.9 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.4 months, from June 21 to February 4. The calmest month of the year in Los Lunas is August, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in Los Lunas

Average Wind Speed in Los LunaswindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph16 mph16 mph18 mph18 mphApr 1110.1 mphApr 1110.1 mphAug 145.8 mphAug 145.8 mphFeb 48.0 mphFeb 48.0 mphJun 218.0 mphJun 218.0 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Wind Speed (mph) 7.58.49.39.99.38.16.56.06.87.27.47.3

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Los Lunas varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 3.5 months, from June 22 to October 7, with a peak percentage of 44% on July 21. The wind is most often from the west for 8.5 months, from October 7 to June 22, with a peak percentage of 39% on January 1.

Wind Direction in Los Lunas

Wind Direction in Los LunasWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsouthnortheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Los Lunas throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Los Lunas for general outdoor tourist activities are from late May to late July and from late July to late September, with a peak score in the second week of June.

Tourism Score in Los Lunas

Tourism Score in Los Lunasbest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810107.67.60.30.37.57.56.96.9NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Los Lunas for hot-weather activities is from mid June to mid August, with a peak score in the first week of July.

Beach/Pool Score in Los Lunas

Beach/Pool Score in Los Lunasbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810106.76.70.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Los Lunas typically lasts for 7.4 months (226 days), from around March 27 to around November 9, rarely starting before March 5 or after April 18, and rarely ending before October 20 or after November 26.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Los Lunas

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Los Lunasgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 2750%Mar 2750%Nov 950%Nov 990%Apr 1890%Apr 1890%Oct 2090%Oct 2010%Mar 510%Mar 510%Nov 2610%Nov 26Jul 23100%Jul 23100%NowNowfreezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Los Lunas should appear around March 3, only rarely appearing before February 18 or after March 16.

Growing Degree Days in Los Lunas

Growing Degree Days in Los LunasJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°F2,500°F2,500°F3,000°F3,000°F3,500°F3,500°F4,000°F4,000°F4,500°F4,500°FMar 388°FMar 388°FMay 21900°FMay 21900°FJun 271,800°FJun 271,800°FDec 314,644°FDec 314,644°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from April 20 to July 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.4 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Los Lunas is June, with an average of 8.3 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 4 to February 8, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.2 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Los Lunas is December, with an average of 3.2 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Los Lunas

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Los LunasbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWh10 kWh10 kWhJun 108.5 kWhJun 108.5 kWhDec 233.1 kWhDec 233.1 kWhApr 207.4 kWhApr 207.4 kWhFeb 84.2 kWhFeb 84.2 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Solar Energy (kWh) 3.54.55.97.28.08.37.56.76.05.03.83.2

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Los Lunas are 34.806 deg latitude, -106.733 deg longitude, and 4,852 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Los Lunas contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 138 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,867 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,135 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (6,056 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Los Lunas is covered by shrubs (46%) and cropland (38%), within 10 miles by shrubs (80%) and cropland (15%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (77%) and grassland (13%).

This report illustrates the typical weather in Los Lunas, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Los Lunas.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Los Lunas according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Los Lunas is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Los Lunas and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:

To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Los Lunas and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

Please review our full terms contained on our Terms of Service page.