Climate and Average Weather Year Round in El Cerro New Mexico, United States
In El Cerro, the summers are hot, the winters are short and very cold, and it is dry and mostly clear year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 28°F to 94°F and is rarely below 19°F or above 100°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit El Cerro for warm-weather activities are from late May to late July and from late July to late September.
Climate in El Cerro
Average Temperature in El Cerro
The hot season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 23 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 85°F. The hottest day of the year is July 1, with an average high of 94°F and low of 68°F.
The cold season lasts for 2.8 months, from November 21 to February 16, with an average daily high temperature below 58°F. The coldest day of the year is January 4, with an average low of 28°F and high of 49°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in El Cerro
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in El Cerro
In El Cerro, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in El Cerro begins around May 16 and lasts for 1.8 months, ending around July 8. On June 12, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 80% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 20% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around July 8 and lasts for 10 months, ending around May 16. On February 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 38% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 62% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in El Cerro
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in El Cerro varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 2.2 months, from July 4 to September 10, with a greater than 19% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 32% on August 8.
The drier season lasts 9.8 months, from September 10 to July 4. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on April 5.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 32% on August 8.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in El Cerro
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. El Cerro experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from June 17 to November 7, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 31, with an average total accumulation of 1.5 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 7.3 months, from November 7 to June 17. The least rain falls around February 5, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in El Cerro
The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in El Cerro does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in El Cerro
The length of the day in El Cerro varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 50 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 29 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in El Cerro
The earliest sunrise is at 5:53 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 39 minutes later at 7:32 AM on November 6. The earliest sunset is at 4:55 PM on December 5, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 29 minutes later at 8:24 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in El Cerro during 2021, starting in the spring on March 14, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 7.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in El Cerro
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in El Cerro
The perceived humidity level in El Cerro, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in El Cerro
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The average hourly wind speed in El Cerro experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from February 3 to June 20, with average wind speeds of more than 8.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.2 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.4 months, from June 20 to February 3. The calmest day of the year is August 14, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in El Cerro
The predominant average hourly wind direction in El Cerro varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 3.5 months, from June 21 to October 7, with a peak percentage of 44% on July 21. The wind is most often from the west for 8.5 months, from October 7 to June 21, with a peak percentage of 39% on January 1.
Wind Direction in El Cerro
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in El Cerro throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit El Cerro for general outdoor tourist activities are from late May to late July and from late July to late September, with a peak score in the second week of June.
Tourism Score in El Cerro
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit El Cerro for hot-weather activities is from mid June to mid August, with a peak score in the first week of July.
Beach/Pool Score in El Cerro
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in El Cerro typically lasts for 7.4 months (226 days), from around March 27 to around November 8, rarely starting before March 5 or after April 18, and rarely ending before October 20 or after November 26.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in El Cerro
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in El Cerro should appear around March 3, only rarely appearing before February 18 or after March 15.
Growing Degree Days in El Cerro
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from April 20 to July 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 9, with an average of 8.5 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 5 to February 7, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 3.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in El Cerro
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of El Cerro are 34.727 deg latitude, -106.711 deg longitude, and 4,843 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of El Cerro contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 207 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,880 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,165 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (6,086 feet).
The area within 2 miles of El Cerro is covered by shrubs (57%) and cropland (43%), within 10 miles by shrubs (80%) and cropland (16%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (76%) and grassland (14%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in El Cerro, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in El Cerro.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and El Cerro according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at El Cerro is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between El Cerro and a given station.
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .