Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Almada Portugal
In Almada, the summers are warm, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are cold, wet, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 48°F to 83°F and is rarely below 41°F or above 93°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Almada for hot-weather activities is from early July to early September.
Climate in Almada
The warm season lasts for 3.1 months, from June 19 to September 22, with an average daily high temperature above 78°F. The hottest month of the year in Almada is August, with an average high of 82°F and low of 66°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.6 months, from November 20 to March 6, with an average daily high temperature below 63°F. The coldest month of the year in Almada is January, with an average low of 48°F and high of 58°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Almada
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Almada
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Almada, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Almada begins around June 3 and lasts for 3.3 months, ending around September 14.
The clearest month of the year in Almada is July, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 91% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 14 and lasts for 8.7 months, ending around June 3.
The cloudiest month of the year in Almada is December, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 49% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Almada
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Almada varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.8 months, from September 26 to May 20, with a greater than 15% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days in Almada is November, with an average of 8.5 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
The drier season lasts 4.2 months, from May 20 to September 26. The month with the fewest wet days in Almada is July, with an average of 0.5 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone in Almada is November, with an average of 8.5 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 29% on December 3.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Almada
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Almada experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.2 months, from September 5 to June 10, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The month with the most rain in Almada is November, with an average rainfall of 3.1 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from June 10 to September 5. The month with the least rain in Almada is July, with an average rainfall of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Almada
The length of the day in Almada varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 28 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 53 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Almada
The earliest sunrise is at 6:11 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 50 minutes later at 8:01 AM on October 30. The earliest sunset is at 5:14 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 50 minutes later at 9:05 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Almada during 2021, starting in the spring on March 28, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 31.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Almada
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Almada
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Almada experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from June 10 to November 7, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 4% of the time. The month with the most muggy days in Almada is August, with 5.2 days that are muggy or worse.
The month with the fewest muggy days in Almada is February, with 0.0 days that are muggy or worse.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Almada
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Almada experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.2 months, from October 31 to June 6, with average wind speeds of more than 11.1 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Almada is December, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.1 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.8 months, from June 6 to October 31. The calmest month of the year in Almada is September, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Almada
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Almada varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 2.9 weeks, from December 10 to December 30, with a peak percentage of 32% on December 17. The wind is most often from the north for 11 months, from December 30 to December 10, with a peak percentage of 29% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Almada
Almada is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.8 months, from June 30 to October 23, with an average temperature above 65°F. The month of the year in Almada with the warmest water is August, with an average temperature of 66°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.6 months, from January 3 to April 22, with an average temperature below 60°F. The month of the year in Almada with the coolest water is February, with an average temperature of 58°F.
Average Water Temperature in Almada
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Almada throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Almada for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to late September, with a peak score in the second week of July.
Tourism Score in Almada
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Almada for hot-weather activities is from early July to early September, with a peak score in the first week of August.
Beach/Pool Score in Almada
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Almada are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Almada
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days in Almada
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 12 to August 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.0 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Almada is July, with an average of 8.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 26 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.3 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Almada is December, with an average of 2.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Almada
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Almada are 38.679 deg latitude, -9.157 deg longitude, and 190 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Almada contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 420 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 65 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,066 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,218 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Almada is covered by water (59%) and artificial surfaces (38%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (40%) and water (36%), and within 50 miles by water (52%) and cropland (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Almada, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Almada.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Almada according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Almada is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Almada and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:
To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Almada and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.
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