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Average Weather in Baro Kunda Gambia

In Baro Kunda, the wet season is hot, oppressive, and overcast and the dry season is sweltering and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 63°F to 104°F and is rarely below 58°F or above 108°F.

Climate Summary

hotswelteringhotswelteringhotJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec63%63%22%22%clearovercastprecipitation: 9.6 inprecipitation: 9.6 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 100%muggy: 100%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 7.0beach/pool score: 7.03.23.2
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Baro Kunda for hot-weather activities is from late November to mid March.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.0 months, from March 1 to June 2, with an average daily high temperature above 101°F. The hottest day of the year is April 14, with an average high of 104°F and low of 74°F.

The cool season lasts for 2.5 months, from July 16 to October 2, with an average daily high temperature below 92°F. The coldest day of the year is January 1, with an average low of 63°F and high of 94°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Baro KundaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcomfortablecomfortablewarmwarmwarmhotswelteringcoolcoolhotsweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Ad Dindar, Sudan (3,321 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Baro Kunda (view comparison).

Clouds

In Baro Kunda, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Baro Kunda begins around November 14 and lasts for 7.3 months, ending around June 24. On March 18, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 63% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 37% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around June 24 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around November 14. On August 31, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 78% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 22% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Baro KundaclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Mar 1863%Mar 1863%Aug 3122%Aug 3122%Nov 1442%Nov 1442%Jun 2443%Jun 2443%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Baro Kunda varies very significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 3.4 months, from June 25 to October 5, with a greater than 43% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 86% on August 27.

The drier season lasts 8.6 months, from October 5 to June 25. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on January 27.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 86% on August 27.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Baro KundawetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Aug 2786%Aug 2786%Jan 270%Jan 270%Jan 10%Jan 10%Jun 2543%Jun 2543%Oct 543%Oct 543%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Baro Kunda experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.4 months, from May 21 to November 1, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 22, with an average total accumulation of 9.6 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.6 months, from November 1 to May 21. The least rain falls around February 26, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Baro Kunda varies over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 20 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 55 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Baro KundaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 55 minJun 2112 hr, 55 minJun 2112 hr, 7 minSep 2312 hr, 7 minSep 2311 hr, 20 minDec 2111 hr, 20 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:32 AM on June 2, and the latest sunrise is 56 minutes later at 7:28 AM on January 24. The earliest sunset is at 6:30 PM on November 20, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 2 minutes later at 7:32 PM on July 9.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Baro Kunda during 2018.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Baro KundaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 26:32 AMJun 26:32 AM7:32 PMJul 97:32 PMJul 9Nov 206:30 PMNov 206:30 PM7:28 AMJan 247:28 AMJan 24daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Baro Kunda experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 6.4 months, from May 10 to November 24, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 25% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 30, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is January 18, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Baro KundamuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 180%Jan 180%100%Aug 30100%Aug 30May 1025%May 1025%Nov 2425%Nov 2425%miserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivedrydryhumidhumidmuggymuggycomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Baro Kunda experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.3 months, from December 3 to July 11, with average wind speeds of more than 7.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 30, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.8 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.7 months, from July 11 to December 3. The calmest day of the year is October 14, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Baro Kunda varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 3.7 months, from January 9 to April 30, with a peak percentage of 65% on March 7. The wind is most often from the west for 6.1 months, from April 30 to November 3, with a peak percentage of 72% on June 17. The wind is most often from the east for 2.2 months, from November 3 to January 9, with a peak percentage of 52% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Baro KundaNWEJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westeastnorthsouth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Baro Kunda is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 4.9 months, from June 26 to November 22, with an average temperature above 80°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is October 20, with an average temperature of 83°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.7 months, from January 9 to May 1, with an average temperature below 72°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 4, with an average temperature of 69°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Baro Kunda throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Baro Kunda for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid December to early February, with a peak score in the second week of January.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Baro KundaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468105.75.72.02.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Baro Kunda for hot-weather activities is from late November to mid March, with a peak score in the last week of January.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Baro Kundabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.07.03.23.2 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudsbeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Baro Kunda are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Baro KundaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%100%Jan 1100%Jan 1100%Jul 3100%Jul 3comfortablewarmhotswelteringcool
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in Baro KundaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F2,000°F4,000°F6,000°F8,000°F10,000°FJan 490°FJan 490°FMar 61,800°FMar 61,800°FDec 3111,174°FDec 3111,174°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from March 7 to May 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 13, with an average of 7.1 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 5.6 months, from July 15 to January 3, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is August 24, with an average of 4.6 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Baro Kunda are 13.483 deg latitude, -15.267 deg longitude, and 30 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Baro Kunda contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 164 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 41 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (203 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (256 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Baro Kunda is covered by cropland (48%), grassland (18%), trees (16%), and shrubs (15%), within 10 miles by cropland (34%) and shrubs (27%), and within 50 miles by cropland (41%) and trees (30%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Baro Kunda, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Baro Kunda.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Baro Kunda according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Baro Kunda is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Baro Kunda and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Kolda North Airport (45%, 74 kilometers, southeast); Kaolack Airport (24%, 112 kilometers, northwest); Banjul International Airport (16%, 151 kilometers, west); and Ziguinchor Airport (16%, 151 kilometers, southwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.