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Average Weather in Reykjavík Iceland

In Reykjavík, the summers are short, cool, and mostly cloudy and the winters are long, very cold, wet, windy, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 28°F to 57°F and is rarely below 17°F or above 62°F.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolcoldvery coldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec43%43%22%22%overcastclearprecipitation: 5.2 inprecipitation: 5.2 in2.1 in2.1 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%drydrytourism score: 3.0tourism score: 3.00.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Reykjavík for warm-weather activities is from early July to mid August.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 2.9 months, from June 10 to September 6, with an average daily high temperature above 53°F. The hottest day of the year is July 31, with an average high of 57°F and low of 49°F.

The cold season lasts for 4.9 months, from November 8 to April 4, with an average daily high temperature below 40°F. The coldest day of the year is January 24, with an average low of 28°F and high of 36°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in ReykjavíkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldvery coldcoldcoolfreezingfreezing
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Sand Point, Alaska, United States (3,898 miles away) and Kodiak, Alaska, United States (3,624 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Reykjavík (view comparison).

Clouds

In Reykjavík, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Reykjavík begins around April 2 and lasts for 7.2 months, ending around November 7. On May 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 43% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 57% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 7 and lasts for 4.8 months, ending around April 2. On January 21, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 78% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 22% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in ReykjavíkclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 2143%May 2143%Jan 2122%Jan 2122%Apr 232%Apr 232%Nov 733%Nov 733%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Reykjavík varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 7.4 months, from August 26 to April 8, with a greater than 42% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 55% on February 26.

The drier season lasts 4.5 months, from April 8 to August 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 29% on July 7.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 47% on September 21.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in ReykjavíkwetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 2655%Feb 2655%Jul 729%Jul 729%Jan 149%Jan 149%Aug 2642%Aug 2642%Apr 842%Apr 842%snowmixedrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Reykjavík experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Reykjavík. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 28, with an average total accumulation of 4.6 inches.

The least rain falls around June 8, with an average total accumulation of 2.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Reykjavík experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from October 25 to April 26, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 18, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 1.0 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from April 26 to October 25. The least snow falls around July 28, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in ReykjavíksnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in1 in2 in3 in4 in5 inJan 181.0 inJan 181.0 inJul 280.0 inJul 280.0 inOct 250.1 inOct 250.1 inApr 260.1 inApr 260.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Reykjavík varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 4 hours, 7 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 21 hours, 9 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in ReykjavíkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 9 minMar 2012 hr, 9 minMar 2021 hr, 9 minJun 2121 hr, 9 minJun 2112 hr, 17 minSep 2212 hr, 17 minSep 224 hr, 7 minDec 214 hr, 7 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 2:54 AM on June 20, and the latest sunrise is 8 hours, 28 minutes later at 11:23 AM on December 25. The earliest sunset is at 3:28 PM on December 18, and the latest sunset is 8 hours, 35 minutes later at 12:03 AM on June 21.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Reykjavík during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in ReykjavíkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 202:54 AMJun 202:54 AM12:03 AMJun 2112:03 AMJun 21Dec 183:28 PMDec 183:28 PM11:23 AMDec 2511:23 AMDec 25daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Reykjavík, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in ReykjavíkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 30%Jul 30%drydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Reykjavík experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.1 months, from October 22 to April 26, with average wind speeds of more than 12.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 7, with an average hourly wind speed of 16.1 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.9 months, from April 26 to October 22. The calmest day of the year is July 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.9 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Reykjavík varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 1.0 weeks, from February 26 to March 5; for 1.6 weeks, from April 17 to April 28; and for 4.5 months, from May 6 to September 20, with a peak percentage of 33% on July 25. The wind is most often from the east for 1.4 months, from March 5 to April 17; for 1.1 weeks, from April 28 to May 6; and for 5.2 months, from September 20 to February 26, with a peak percentage of 31% on March 9.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in ReykjavíkEESSEJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%southeastnorthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Reykjavík is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.6 months, from June 24 to September 13, with an average temperature above 50°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 8, with an average temperature of 52°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 5.2 months, from November 28 to May 3, with an average temperature below 43°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 3, with an average temperature of 41°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Reykjavík throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Reykjavík for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in ReykjavíkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468103.03.00.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in ReykjavíkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468100.00.00.00.0precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Reykjavík typically lasts for 4.9 months (148 days), from around May 10 to around October 6, rarely starting before April 22 or after May 30, and rarely ending before September 16 or after October 24.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Reykjavíkgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 1050%May 1050%Oct 650%Oct 650%May 3090%May 3090%Sep 1690%Sep 1690%Apr 2210%Apr 2210%Oct 2410%Oct 2410%0%Dec 70%Dec 7Jul 22100%Jul 22100%freezingvery coldcoldcool
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Reykjavík should appear around July 12, only rarely appearing before June 26 or after August 2.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in ReykjavíkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F50°F100°F150°F200°F250°F300°F350°F400°FJul 1290°FJul 1290°FDec 31272°FDec 31272°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from May 6 to August 1, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 17, with an average of 5.2 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from October 11 to March 5, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 0.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Reykjavík are 64.135 deg latitude, -21.895 deg longitude, and 3 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Reykjavík contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 203 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 57 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (2,851 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (4,426 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Reykjavík is covered by artificial surfaces (83%), within 10 miles by water (39%) and shrubs (30%), and within 50 miles by water (53%) and shrubs (23%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Reykjavík, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Reykjavík.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Reykjavík according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Reykjavík is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Reykjavík and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Reykjavik Airport (100%, 2.3 kilometers, west) and Vestmannaeyjar Airport (0.4%, 112 kilometers, southeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.