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Average Weather in Bayard New Mexico, United States

In Bayard, the summers are warm and partly cloudy and the winters are very cold, dry, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 27°F to 88°F and is rarely below 18°F or above 95°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Bayard for warm-weather activities is from late May to mid September.

Climate Summary

coldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow80%80%52%52%clearovercastprecipitation: 2.3 inprecipitation: 2.3 in0.2 in0.2 inmuggy: 1%muggy: 1%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.2tourism score: 7.20.60.6
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.6 months, from May 23 to September 11, with an average daily high temperature above 81°F. The hottest day of the year is June 28, with an average high of 88°F and low of 60°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.1 months, from November 21 to February 24, with an average daily high temperature below 58°F. The coldest day of the year is January 4, with an average low of 27°F and high of 51°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in BayardJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMNowNowfreezingvery coldvery coldvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolwarmhotcomfortablefreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Illora, Spain (5,576 miles away); Ponts, Spain (5,610 miles); and Ābādeh, Iran (7,854 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Bayard (view comparison).

Clouds

In Bayard, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Bayard begins around September 2 and lasts for 3.3 months, ending around December 12. On September 28, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 80% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 20% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around December 12 and lasts for 8.7 months, ending around September 2. On August 4, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 48% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 52% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in BayardclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Sep 2880%Sep 2880%Aug 452%Aug 452%Dec 1266%Dec 1266%NowNowclearmostly clearovercastmostly cloudypartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Bayard varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 2.2 months, from July 3 to September 8, with a greater than 23% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 43% on August 3.

The drier season lasts 9.8 months, from September 8 to July 3. The smallest chance of a wet day is 4% on April 5.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 43% on August 3.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in BayardwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Aug 343%Aug 343%Apr 54%Apr 54%Jul 323%Jul 323%Sep 823%Sep 823%NowNowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Bayard experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.7 months, from June 12 to February 4, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 31, with an average total accumulation of 2.3 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from February 4 to June 12. The least rain falls around April 8, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Bayard does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in BayardJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 inDec 240.1 inDec 240.1 inJul 160.0 inJul 160.0 inJan 190.1 inJan 190.1 inNowNow
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Bayard varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2020, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 0 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 19 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:03 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 27 minutes later at 7:30 AM on March 8. The earliest sunset is at 5:06 PM on December 3, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 19 minutes later at 8:24 PM on June 28.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Bayard during 2020, starting in the spring on March 8, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 1.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in BayardJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 116:03 AMJun 116:03 AM8:24 PMJun 288:24 PMJun 28Dec 35:06 PMDec 35:06 PM7:30 AMMar 87:30 AMMar 8Mar 8DSTMar 8DSTDSTNov 1DSTNov 1daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2020. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Bayard, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in BayardJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Nov 190%Nov 190%Aug 51%Aug 51%NowNowcomfortablecomfortabledrydryhumidhumid
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Bayard experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from January 28 to June 22, with average wind speeds of more than 8.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.2 months, from June 22 to January 28. The calmest day of the year is August 14, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.9 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Bayard varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 2.0 months, from July 16 to September 17, with a peak percentage of 36% on August 24. The wind is most often from the west for 10.0 months, from September 17 to July 16, with a peak percentage of 41% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in BayardWEWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwesteastnorthsouth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Bayard throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Bayard for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to mid September, with a peak score in the third week of June.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Bayardbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.27.20.60.66.86.86.56.5NowNow precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Bayard for hot-weather activities is from early June to mid July, with a peak score in the third week of June.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in BayardJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468105.15.10.00.0NowNow precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudsbeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Bayard typically lasts for 6.3 months (193 days), from around April 19 to around October 29, rarely starting before March 31 or after May 8, and rarely ending before October 11 or after November 18.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Bayardgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Apr 1950%Apr 1950%Oct 2950%Oct 2990%May 890%May 890%Oct 1190%Oct 1110%Mar 3110%Mar 3110%Nov 1810%Nov 180%Dec 220%Dec 22Jul 25100%Jul 25100%NowNowfreezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Bayard should appear around March 4, only rarely appearing before February 16 or after March 20.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in BayardJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°F3,000°F3,500°F4,000°FMar 488°FMar 488°FJun 1900°FJun 1900°FJul 111,800°FJul 111,800°FDec 313,809°FDec 313,809°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from April 13 to July 3, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 5, with an average of 8.4 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 5 to February 6, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 19, with an average of 3.4 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in BayardbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJun 58.4 kWhJun 58.4 kWhDec 193.4 kWhDec 193.4 kWhApr 137.4 kWhApr 137.4 kWhFeb 64.4 kWhFeb 64.4 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Bayard are 32.762 deg latitude, -108.131 deg longitude, and 6,043 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Bayard contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,099 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 6,002 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,399 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (7,110 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Bayard is covered by shrubs (93%), within 10 miles by shrubs (72%) and trees (25%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (73%) and trees (25%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Bayard, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Bayard.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Bayard according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Bayard is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Bayard and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Silver City Airport (90%, 15 kilometers, south) and Truth or Consequences Municipal Airport (10%, 96 kilometers, northeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.