Average Weather in Diamantina Brazil
In Diamantina, the wet season is warm and overcast and the dry season is comfortable and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 53°F to 79°F and is rarely below 49°F or above 87°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Diamantina for warm-weather activities is from mid April to early October.
The temperature in Diamantina varies so little throughout the year that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss hot and cold seasons.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Diamantina, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Diamantina begins around April 7 and lasts for 6.1 months, ending around October 12. On August 17, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 76% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 24% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 12 and lasts for 5.9 months, ending around April 7. On December 9, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 83% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 17% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Diamantina varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.2 months, from October 23 to March 28, with a greater than 35% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 69% on December 7.
The drier season lasts 6.8 months, from March 28 to October 23. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on June 24.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 69% on December 7.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Diamantina experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.7 months, from August 30 to May 20, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around December 14, with an average total accumulation of 9.0 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 20 to August 30. The least rain falls around June 28, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Diamantina varies over the course of the year. In 2020, the shortest day is June 20, with 11 hours, 2 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 13 hours, 14 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:23 AM on October 17, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 24 minutes later at 6:47 AM on February 15. The earliest sunset is at 5:25 PM on June 3, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 12 minutes later at 7:36 PM on January 18.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Diamantina during 2020, starting in the spring on October 18 and ending in the fall on February 15.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Diamantina experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from October 24 to April 17, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 5% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is January 13, with muggy conditions 19% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is August 18, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Diamantina experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from July 18 to November 8, with average wind speeds of more than 8.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is September 12, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.8 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 8.3 months, from November 8 to July 18. The calmest day of the year is March 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.1 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Diamantina is from the east throughout the year.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Diamantina throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Diamantina for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid April to early October, with a peak score in the first week of September.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Diamantina for hot-weather activities are for the entire month of February, from late March to late April, and from late August to late October, with a peak score in the last week of September.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Diamantina are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 1.5 months, from January 16 to March 1, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is February 13, with an average of 6.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.3 months, from May 11 to July 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 12, with an average of 4.8 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Diamantina are -18.247 deg latitude, -43.603 deg longitude, and 4,035 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Diamantina contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 978 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,016 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,805 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (5,023 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Diamantina is covered by shrubs (85%), within 10 miles by shrubs (85%) and trees (13%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (47%) and trees (38%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Diamantina, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Diamantina.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Diamantina according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Diamantina is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, in addition to a contribution from the MERRA-2 reconstruction, corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Diamantina.
The station weigths are proportional to the inverse of the distance between Diamantina and a given station.
The weight assigned to the MERRA-2 value depends on the distance from Diamantina to the nearest station, increasing from 0% at 150 kilometers to 100% at 200 kilometers. In this case, the MERRA-2 weight is 15%.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Lagoa Santa Airport (43%, 159 kilometers, south) and Belo Horizonte (42%, 159 kilometers, south).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.