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Average Weather in Rio de Janeiro Brazil

In Rio de Janeiro, the temperature typically varies from 65°F to 88°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 61°F or above 95°F.

The hot season lasts for 2.7 months, from December 25 to March 16, with an average daily high temperature above 86°F. The hottest day of the year is February 12, with an average high of 88°F and low of 76°F.

The cool season lasts for 4.8 months, from May 18 to October 11, with an average daily high temperature below 80°F. The coldest day of the year is July 22, with an average low of 65°F and high of 77°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature with percentile bands, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDeccomfortablecomfortablewarmwarmhothot
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Sun

The length of the day in Rio de Janeiro varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is June 21, with 10 hours, 44 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 13 hours, 33 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:21 AM on October 14, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 22 minutes later at 6:43 AM on February 18. The earliest sunset is at 5:14 PM on June 6, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 29 minutes later at 7:43 PM on January 14.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Rio de Janeiro during 2017, starting in the spring on October 15 and ending in the fall on February 18.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Clouds

In Rio de Janeiro, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Rio de Janeiro begins around April 4 and lasts for 6.3 months, ending around October 14. On August 28, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 74% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 26% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 14 and lasts for 5.7 months, ending around April 4. On January 14, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 71% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 29% of the time.

Cloud Cover

clearerclearercloudiercloudiercloudiercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJan 1471%Jan 1471%Aug 2826%Aug 2826%Apr 448%Apr 448%Oct 1449%Oct 1449%overcastovercastmostly cloudymostly cloudypartly cloudypartly cloudymostly clearmostly clearclearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Rio de Janeiro varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.0 months, from October 30 to April 1, with a greater than 41% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 64% on December 22.

The drier season lasts 6.9 months, from April 1 to October 30. The smallest chance of a wet day is 16% on June 21.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 64% on December 22.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Rio de Janeiro experiences very significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Rio de Janeiro. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around January 1, with an average total accumulation of 7.3 inches.

The least rain falls around August 7, with and average total accumulation of 1.3 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Rio de Janeiro experiences very significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 8.7 months, from September 20 to June 11, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 48% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is February 8, with muggy conditions 99% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is July 22, with muggy conditions 31% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels

muggymuggymuggymuggy0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJul 2231%Jul 2231%99%Feb 899%Feb 8Sep 2049%Sep 2049%Jun 1148%Jun 1148%miserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Rio de Janeiro experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from July 10 to November 24, with average wind speeds of more than 4.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is September 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.5 months, from November 24 to July 10. The calmest day of the year is March 17, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.4 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Rio de Janeiro varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 1.9 months, from June 2 to July 31, with a peak percentage of 36% on June 24. The wind is most often from the east for 10 months, from July 31 to June 2, with a peak percentage of 45% on February 23.

Wind Direction

EENNEE0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwestwestsouthsoutheasteastnorthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Rio de Janeiro is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.6 months, from January 5 to April 24, with an average temperature above 76°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is March 5, with an average temperature of 78°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.8 months, from July 4 to October 28, with an average temperature below 72°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is September 16, with an average temperature of 70°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line) with percentile bands, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.6 months, from October 7 to February 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is November 24, with an average of 6.5 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from May 10 to July 30, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 25, with an average of 3.9 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Rio de Janeiro are -22.903 deg latitude, -43.208 deg longitude, and 39 ft elevation (map ).

The topography within 2 miles of Rio de Janeiro contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 640 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 69 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (3,264 feet). Within 50 miles contains extreme variations in elevation (7,552 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Rio de Janeiro is covered by artificial surfaces (57%), water (23%), and sparse vegetation (14%), within 10 miles by water (49%) and artificial surfaces (26%), and within 50 miles by water (56%) and trees (23%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Rio de Janeiro, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Rio de Janeiro.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Rio de Janeiro according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Rio de Janeiro is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Rio de Janeiro and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Santos Dumont Airport (71%, 4.6 kilometers, east), Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport (20%, 11 kilometers, north), and Base Aérea do Campo dos Afonsos (9%, 18 kilometers, west).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .