Average Weather in Paamiut Greenland
In Paamiut, the summers are cold, wet, and mostly cloudy and the winters are freezing, snowy, windy, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 14°F to 48°F and is rarely below -0°F or above 55°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Paamiut for warm-weather activities is from mid July to early August.
The warm season lasts for 3.3 months, from June 8 to September 17, with an average daily high temperature above 43°F. The hottest day of the year is July 26, with an average high of 48°F and low of 40°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.6 months, from December 7 to March 27, with an average daily high temperature below 29°F. The coldest day of the year is February 16, with an average low of 14°F and high of 24°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Paamiut, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Paamiut begins around March 27 and lasts for 8.0 months, ending around November 26. On October 14, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 44% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 56% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 26 and lasts for 4.0 months, ending around March 27. On February 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 81% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 19% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Paamiut varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.8 months, from June 3 to January 29, with a greater than 30% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 37% on September 11.
The drier season lasts 4.1 months, from January 29 to June 3. The smallest chance of a wet day is 23% on March 8.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Paamiut changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 7.4 months, from April 8 to November 20. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 37% on September 11.
Snow alone is the most common for 4.5 months, from November 23 to April 8. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 20% on December 12.
Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 3.0 days, from November 20 to November 23. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 13% on November 14.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Paamiut experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Paamiut. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 4, with an average total accumulation of 4.3 inches.
The least rain falls around January 5, with an average total accumulation of 0.8 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Paamiut experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 8.0 months, from October 1 to June 1, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 25, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 1.6 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from June 1 to October 1. The least snow falls around August 2, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Paamiut varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 5 hours, 9 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 19 hours, 45 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 3:27 AM on June 19, and the latest sunrise is 6 hours, 16 minutes later at 9:43 AM on December 26. The earliest sunset is at 2:50 PM on December 17, and the latest sunset is 8 hours, 23 minutes later at 11:12 PM on June 22.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Paamiut during 2021, starting in the spring on March 27, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 30.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Paamiut, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Paamiut experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.5 months, from October 11 to April 26, with average wind speeds of more than 12.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 23, with an average hourly wind speed of 16.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.5 months, from April 26 to October 11. The calmest day of the year is July 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Paamiut varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 3.3 months, from May 20 to August 30, with a peak percentage of 36% on June 13. The wind is most often from the north for 8.7 months, from August 30 to May 20, with a peak percentage of 40% on January 1.
Paamiut is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.2 months, from July 9 to September 16, with an average temperature above 38°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 6, with an average temperature of 39°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.6 months, from December 13 to May 2, with an average temperature below 33°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 25, with an average temperature of 31°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Paamiut throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Paamiut for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid July to early August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Paamiut typically lasts for 3.2 months (100 days), from around June 7 to around September 15, rarely starting before May 15 or after July 9, and rarely ending before August 22 or after October 4.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from May 5 to July 30, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 24, with an average of 5.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from October 17 to February 28, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 0.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Paamiut are 61.994 deg latitude, -49.668 deg longitude, and 36 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Paamiut contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 328 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 66 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (2,264 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (5,390 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Paamiut is covered by sparse vegetation (52%) and water (35%), within 10 miles by water (57%) and sparse vegetation (34%), and within 50 miles by water (52%) and snow and glaciers (24%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Paamiut, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Paamiut.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Paamiut according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Paamiut is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Paamiut and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Paamiut Airport (58%, 2.1 kilometers, southwest) and Frederikshaab (42%, 2.6 kilometers, north).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.