Climate and Average Weather Year Round in San Carlos Uruguay
In San Carlos, the summers are warm and humid; the winters are cold, wet, and windy; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 44°F to 82°F and is rarely below 35°F or above 91°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit San Carlos for warm-weather activities is from early November to mid April.
Climate in San Carlos
Average Temperature in San Carlos
The warm season lasts for 3.3 months, from December 7 to March 17, with an average daily high temperature above 77°F. The hottest day of the year is January 15, with an average high of 82°F and low of 64°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.5 months, from May 26 to September 10, with an average daily high temperature below 63°F. The coldest day of the year is July 9, with an average low of 44°F and high of 58°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in San Carlos
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in San Carlos
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In San Carlos, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in San Carlos begins around October 4 and lasts for 6.4 months, ending around April 15. On January 8, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 71% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 29% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around April 15 and lasts for 5.6 months, ending around October 4. On June 26, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 52% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 48% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in San Carlos
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in San Carlos varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.9 months, from October 26 to April 22, with a greater than 27% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 32% on February 15.
The drier season lasts 6.1 months, from April 22 to October 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 21% on August 1.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 32% on February 15.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in San Carlos
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. San Carlos experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in San Carlos. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around April 8, with an average total accumulation of 4.3 inches.
The least rain falls around January 1, with an average total accumulation of 2.8 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in San Carlos
The length of the day in San Carlos varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is June 21, with 9 hours, 49 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 14 hours, 30 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in San Carlos
The earliest sunrise is at 5:19 AM on December 6, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 29 minutes later at 7:47 AM on June 30. The earliest sunset is at 5:34 PM on June 11, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 22 minutes later at 7:56 PM on January 6.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in San Carlos during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in San Carlos
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in San Carlos
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
San Carlos experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from November 27 to April 16, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 10% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is February 9, with muggy conditions 40% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is August 1, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels in San Carlos
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in San Carlos experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.1 months, from August 20 to February 25, with average wind speeds of more than 10.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is September 14, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.5 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.9 months, from February 25 to August 20. The calmest day of the year is May 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in San Carlos
The predominant average hourly wind direction in San Carlos varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 2.0 weeks, from April 22 to May 6 and for 1.6 months, from May 27 to July 16, with a peak percentage of 34% on June 15. The wind is most often from the north for 3.0 weeks, from May 6 to May 27 and for 1.5 months, from July 16 to September 1, with a peak percentage of 30% on August 10. The wind is most often from the east for 7.7 months, from September 1 to April 22, with a peak percentage of 42% on January 1.
Wind Direction in San Carlos
San Carlos is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.7 months, from December 19 to April 10, with an average temperature above 68°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is February 16, with an average temperature of 72°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.5 months, from June 15 to September 30, with an average temperature below 56°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is July 29, with an average temperature of 52°F.
Average Water Temperature in San Carlos
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in San Carlos throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit San Carlos for general outdoor tourist activities is from early November to mid April, with a peak score in the second week of December.
Tourism Score in San Carlos
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit San Carlos for hot-weather activities is from late December to early March, with a peak score in the second week of January.
Beach/Pool Score in San Carlos
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in San Carlos typically lasts for 12 months (356 days), from around July 19 to around July 10, rarely starting after August 20, or ending before June 17.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in San Carlos
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in San Carlos should appear around July 27, only rarely appearing before July 17 or after August 13.
Growing Degree Days in San Carlos
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 5 to February 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 8.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from April 29 to August 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 20, with an average of 2.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in San Carlos
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of San Carlos are -34.791 deg latitude, -54.918 deg longitude, and 92 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of San Carlos contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 144 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 37 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (810 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,729 feet).
The area within 2 miles of San Carlos is covered by grassland (61%), trees (20%), and artificial surfaces (13%), within 10 miles by grassland (70%), and within 50 miles by water (50%) and grassland (31%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in San Carlos, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in San Carlos.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and San Carlos according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at San Carlos is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between San Carlos and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Capitán de Corbeta Carlos A. Curbelo International Airport (SULS, 97%, 18 kilometers, southwest) and Treinta Y Tres (SUTR, 2.9%, 182 kilometers, north).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.