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Average Weather in Fort McPherson Canada

In Fort McPherson, the summers are comfortable; the winters are long, frigid, and dry; and it is mostly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -17°F to 73°F and is rarely below -34°F or above 82°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Fort McPherson for warm-weather activities is from late June to late July.

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Climate Summary

frigidcomfortablecoolfrigidJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow48%48%25%25%overcastclearprecipitation: 1.4 inprecipitation: 1.4 in0.1 in0.1 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrytourism score: 4.7tourism score: 4.70.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.
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Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.2 months, from May 26 to September 3, with an average daily high temperature above 57°F. The hottest day of the year is July 4, with an average high of 73°F and low of 54°F.

The cold season lasts for 4.6 months, from November 6 to March 25, with an average daily high temperature below 10°F. The coldest day of the year is January 20, with an average low of -17°F and high of -5°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Fort McPhersonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMNowNowfrigidfrigidcoldcoolcoldcomfortablevery coldfreezingfreezingvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Pangody, Russia (3,120 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Fort McPherson (view comparison).

Clouds

In Fort McPherson, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Fort McPherson begins around May 7 and lasts for 4.5 months, ending around September 22. On June 23, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 48% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 52% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 22 and lasts for 7.5 months, ending around May 7. On April 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 75% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 25% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Fort McPhersonclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jun 2348%Jun 2348%Apr 525%Apr 525%May 737%May 737%Sep 2237%Sep 2237%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Fort McPherson varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.1 months, from May 13 to October 16, with a greater than 12% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 21% on July 16.

The drier season lasts 6.9 months, from October 16 to May 13. The smallest chance of a wet day is 3% on February 26.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Fort McPherson changes throughout the year.

Snow alone is the most common for 7.1 months, from October 4 to May 8. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 9% on October 19.

Rain alone is the most common for 4.9 months, from May 8 to October 4. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 21% on July 16.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Fort McPhersonsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 1621%Jul 1621%Feb 263%Feb 263%May 811%May 811%Oct 413%Oct 413%NowNowrainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Fort McPherson experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 4.6 months, from May 16 to October 2, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 5, with an average total accumulation of 1.4 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 7.4 months, from October 2 to May 16. The least rain falls around November 21, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Fort McPherson experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 8.4 months, from September 17 to May 30, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around October 20, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.5 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 30 to September 17. The least snow falls around July 21, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Fort McPhersonsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.2 in0.4 in0.6 in0.8 in1.0 in1.2 in1.4 inOct 200.5 inOct 200.5 inJul 210.0 inJul 210.0 inMay 10.3 inMay 10.3 inMar 110.1 inMar 110.1 inSep 170.1 inSep 170.1 inNowNow
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

Due to its extreme latitude, Fort McPherson experiences polar day (also known as the midnight Sun) during the summer and polar night during the winter. These are periods of time in which the sun is continuously above or below the horizon for more than one day. The precise start and end dates of polar day and night vary from year to year and depend on the precise location and elevation of the observer, and the local topography.

In the summer in Fort McPherson during 2020, the Sun is continuously above the horizon for 1.5 months, rising at 3:01 AM on May 29, and not setting again until 2:39 AM on July 14.

In the winter in Fort McPherson during 2020, the Sun is continuously below the horizon for 1.0 weeks, setting at 1:58 PM on December 17, and not rising again until 1:58 PM on December 24.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Fort McPhersonpolar dayJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 15 minMar 1912 hr, 15 minMar 1924 hr, 0 minJun 2024 hr, 0 minJun 2012 hr, 22 minSep 2212 hr, 22 minSep 220 minDec 210 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Fort McPherson during 2020, starting in the spring on March 8, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 1.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Fort McPhersonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AM2 AMMay 293:01 AMMay 293:01 AM2:39 AMJul 132:39 AMJul 131:58 PMDec 171:58 PMDec 17Dec 241:58 PMDec 241:58 PMMar 8DSTMar 8DSTDSTNov 1DSTNov 1daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2020. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2020. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Fort McPherson, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Fort McPhersonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 310%Dec 310%Jul 10%Jul 10%NowNowdrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Fort McPherson experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 2.0 months, from May 15 to July 16, with average wind speeds of more than 7.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is June 2, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.2 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 10.0 months, from July 16 to May 15. The calmest day of the year is October 17, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.2 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Fort McPhersonwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mphJun 28.2 mphJun 28.2 mphOct 177.2 mphOct 177.2 mphJul 167.7 mphJul 167.7 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Fort McPherson is from the north throughout the year.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Fort McPhersonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwesteastnorthsouth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Fort McPherson throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Fort McPherson for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to late July, with a peak score in the first week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Fort McPhersonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468104.74.70.00.0NowNow precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Fort McPherson for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid July, with a peak score in the first week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Fort McPhersonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468101.41.40.00.0NowNow precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Fort McPherson typically lasts for 3.4 months (105 days), from around May 26 to around September 8, rarely starting before May 10 or after June 10, and rarely ending before August 18 or after September 28.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Fort McPhersonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 2650%May 2650%Sep 850%Sep 850%Jun 1090%Jun 1090%Aug 1890%Aug 1890%May 1010%May 1010%Sep 2810%Sep 2810%0%Feb 270%Feb 27Jul 13100%Jul 13100%NowNowfrigidcoldcoolcomfortablefreezingvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Fort McPherson should appear around June 4, only rarely appearing before May 26 or after June 12.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in Fort McPhersonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F200°F400°F600°F800°F1,000°F1,200°FJun 490°FJun 490°FAug 19900°FAug 19900°FDec 311,004°FDec 311,004°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from May 6 to July 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 19, with an average of 6.1 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from October 5 to March 2, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 0.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Fort McPhersonbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJun 196.1 kWhJun 196.1 kWhDec 210.0 kWhDec 210.0 kWhMay 64.8 kWhMay 64.8 kWhJul 254.8 kWhJul 254.8 kWhOct 51.2 kWhOct 51.2 kWhMar 21.2 kWhMar 21.2 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Fort McPherson are 67.439 deg latitude, -134.885 deg longitude, and 69 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Fort McPherson contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 108 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 41 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,316 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (5,499 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Fort McPherson is covered by trees (66%) and water (10%), within 10 miles by trees (56%) and shrubs (29%), and within 50 miles by trees (35%) and shrubs (27%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Fort McPherson, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Fort McPherson.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Fort McPherson according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Fort McPherson is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Fort McPherson and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System (44%, 77 kilometers, southwest); Inuvik (Mike Zubko) Airport (39%, 113 kilometers, northeast); and Shingle Point, Y. T. (17%, 194 kilometers, northwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.