Average Weather in Basseterre St. Kitts & Nevis
Basseterre has a tropical climate with dry summers. The temperature typically varies from 75°F to 88°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 72°F or above 90°F.
The hot season lasts for 131 days, from June 10 to October 19, with an average daily high temperature above 87°F. The hottest day of the year is August 25, with an average high of 88°F and low of 80°F.
The cool season lasts for 103 days, from December 14 to March 27, with an average daily high temperature below 83°F. The coldest day of the year is February 12, with an average low of 75°F and high of 82°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day in Basseterre varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 6 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 10 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:35 AM on June 3, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 8 minutes later at 6:44 AM on January 19. The earliest sunset is at 5:34 PM on November 23, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 15 minutes later at 6:49 PM on July 6.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Basseterre during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
In Basseterre, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Basseterre begins around November 21 and lasts for 157 days, ending around April 27. On January 13, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 80% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 20% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around April 27 and lasts for 208 days, ending around November 21. On May 30, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 68% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 32% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Basseterre varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 210 days, from May 7 to December 3, with a greater than 17% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 29% on September 7.
The drier season lasts 155 days, from December 3 to May 7. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on January 28.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 29% on September 7.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Basseterre experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 290 days, from March 27 to January 11, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 21, with an average total accumulation of 3.1 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 75 days, from January 11 to March 27. The least rain falls around January 28, with and average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Basseterre experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 334 days, from March 25 to February 22, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 93% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 12, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is March 6, with muggy conditions 90% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Basseterre experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 90 days, from May 26 to August 24, with average wind speeds of more than 7.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.1 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 275 days, from August 24 to May 26. The calmest day of the year is October 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Basseterre is from the east throughout the year.
Basseterre is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 103 days, from August 3 to November 14, with an average temperature above 83°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is September 28, with an average temperature of 84°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 91 days, from January 10 to April 11, with an average temperature below 80°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 24, with an average temperature of 79°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 62 days, from March 6 to May 7, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 3, with an average of 7.2 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 111 days, from September 16 to January 5, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is November 1, with an average of 4.6 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
The area within 2 miles of Basseterre is covered by water (36%), grassland (21%), cropland (17%), and trees (16%), within 10 miles by water (84%), and within 50 miles by water (99%).
The topography within 2 miles of Basseterre contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,135 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 153 feet. Within 10 miles contains extreme variations in elevation (3,445 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (3,471 feet).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Basseterre, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Basseterre.
For each station, the records are are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Basseterre according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Basseterre is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Basseterre and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .