Average Weather in Nogales Arizona, United States
In Nogales, the summers are hot and partly cloudy and the winters are cold, dry, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 35°F to 95°F and is rarely below 26°F or above 101°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Nogales for warm-weather activities are from mid May to early July and from late August to early October.
The hot season lasts for 3.6 months, from May 25 to September 11, with an average daily high temperature above 89°F. The hottest day of the year is June 20, with an average high of 95°F and low of 64°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.4 months, from November 22 to March 4, with an average daily high temperature below 69°F. The coldest day of the year is January 5, with an average low of 35°F and high of 63°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
San Juan, Argentina (5,160 miles away); Gharyan, Libya (6,729 miles); and Narromine, Australia (7,913 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Nogales (view comparison).
In Nogales, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Nogales begins around March 8 and lasts for 3.9 months, ending around July 6. On June 9, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 85% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 15% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around July 6 and lasts for 8.1 months, ending around March 8. On July 30, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 52% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 48% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Nogales varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 2.3 months, from July 2 to September 10, with a greater than 26% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 50% on August 3.
The drier season lasts 9.7 months, from September 10 to July 2. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on May 13.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 50% on August 3.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Nogales experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.2 months, from June 15 to March 22, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 29, with an average total accumulation of 3.0 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from March 22 to June 15. The least rain falls around May 20, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Nogales varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 7 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 11 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:18 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 5 minutes later at 7:23 AM on January 8. The earliest sunset is at 5:20 PM on December 3, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 12 minutes later at 7:32 PM on June 30.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Nogales during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Nogales experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from June 29 to September 16, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 5% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 7, with muggy conditions 20% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is November 25, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Nogales experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 8.9 months, from October 4 to July 1, with average wind speeds of more than 7.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.5 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 3.1 months, from July 1 to October 4. The calmest day of the year is August 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Nogales varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 6.4 months, from February 19 to August 31, with a peak percentage of 46% on June 15. The wind is most often from the east for 2.6 weeks, from August 31 to September 18 and for 4.8 months, from September 25 to February 19, with a peak percentage of 29% on September 15. The wind is most often from the south for 1.0 weeks, from September 18 to September 25, with a peak percentage of 29% on September 22.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Nogales throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Nogales for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid May to early July and from late August to early October, with a peak score in the second week of June.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Nogales for hot-weather activities is from mid June to mid July, with a peak score in the last week of June.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Nogales typically lasts for 7.9 months (243 days), from around March 18 to around November 15, rarely starting before February 21 or after April 19, and rarely ending before October 28 or after December 6.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Nogales should appear around January 24, only rarely appearing before January 17 or after February 3.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from April 14 to June 30, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 3, with an average of 8.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 6 to February 8, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 3.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Nogales are 31.340 deg latitude, -110.934 deg longitude, and 3,999 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Nogales contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 856 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,976 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,293 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (7,523 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Nogales is covered by shrubs (79%) and artificial surfaces (18%), within 10 miles by shrubs (81%) and grassland (14%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (74%) and grassland (19%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Nogales, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Nogales International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Nogales.
At a distance of 12 kilometers from Nogales, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Nogales according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.