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Average Weather in Brooks Canada

In Brooks, the summers are warm; the winters are freezing, dry, and windy; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 4°F to 80°F and is rarely below -21°F or above 91°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Brooks for warm-weather activities is from early July to mid August.

Climate Summary

freezingcoldcoolwarmcoolcoldfreezingJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow70%70%35%35%clearovercastprecipitation: 2.0 inprecipitation: 2.0 in0.1 in0.1 inmuggy: 1%muggy: 1%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.1tourism score: 6.10.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 24 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 69°F. The hottest day of the year is July 25, with an average high of 80°F and low of 54°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.2 months, from November 20 to February 27, with an average daily high temperature below 35°F. The coldest day of the year is January 1, with an average low of 4°F and high of 24°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in BrooksJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMNowNowfrigidfrigidfrigidfreezingfreezingcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmvery coldvery coldfrigid
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Laojunmiao, China (5,944 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Brooks (view comparison).

Clouds

In Brooks, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Brooks begins around June 16 and lasts for 3.8 months, ending around October 9. On July 28, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 70% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 30% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 9 and lasts for 8.2 months, ending around June 16. On January 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 65% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 35% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in BrooksclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2870%Jul 2870%Jan 1635%Jan 1635%Jun 1652%Jun 1652%Oct 953%Oct 953%NowNowclearmostly cloudyovercastpartly cloudymostly clear
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Brooks varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.5 months, from May 1 to September 17, with a greater than 15% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 26% on June 4.

The drier season lasts 7.5 months, from September 17 to May 1. The smallest chance of a wet day is 3% on January 31.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Brooks changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 7.2 months, from March 27 to November 1. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 26% on June 4.

Snow alone is the most common for 4.8 months, from November 1 to March 27. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 7% on January 1.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in BrookssnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 426%Jun 426%Jan 313%Jan 313%Mar 278%Mar 278%Nov 17%Nov 17%May 115%May 115%Sep 1715%Sep 1715%NowNowrainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Brooks experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from April 12 to October 6, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 12, with an average total accumulation of 2.0 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from October 6 to April 12. The least rain falls around February 7, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Brooks does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Brooks varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2020, the shortest day is December 21, with 7 hours, 59 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 16 hours, 28 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:14 AM on June 17, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 14 minutes later at 8:28 AM on December 30. The earliest sunset is at 4:22 PM on December 11, and the latest sunset is 5 hours, 21 minutes later at 9:43 PM on June 24.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Brooks during 2020, starting in the spring on March 8, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 1.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in BrooksJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 175:14 AMJun 175:14 AM9:43 PMJun 249:43 PMJun 24Dec 114:22 PMDec 114:22 PM8:28 AMDec 308:28 AMDec 30Mar 8DSTMar 8DSTDSTNov 1DSTNov 1daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2020. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Brooks, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in BrooksJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Nov 60%Nov 60%Jul 221%Jul 221%NowNowdrydrycomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Brooks experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 8.5 months, from September 30 to June 15, with average wind speeds of more than 9.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 3.5 months, from June 15 to September 30. The calmest day of the year is August 5, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.1 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in BrookswindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mphMar 2410.6 mphMar 2410.6 mphAug 58.1 mphAug 58.1 mphSep 309.3 mphSep 309.3 mphJun 159.3 mphJun 159.3 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Brooks is from the west throughout the year.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in BrooksJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsouthnortheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Brooks throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Brooks for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in BrooksJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.16.10.00.0NowNow precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Brooks for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in BrooksJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468102.72.70.00.0NowNow precipitationprecipitationcloudsclouds
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Brooks typically lasts for 4.2 months (129 days), from around May 13 to around September 19, rarely starting before April 26 or after May 31, and rarely ending before September 5 or after October 4.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Brooksgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 1350%May 1350%Sep 1950%Sep 1950%May 3190%May 3190%Sep 590%Sep 590%Apr 2610%Apr 2610%Oct 410%Oct 410%0%Feb 180%Feb 18Jul 22100%Jul 22100%NowNowfrigidfreezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Brooks should appear around April 30, only rarely appearing before April 20 or after May 11.

Growing Degree Days

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from April 30 to August 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 5, with an average of 7.1 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 26 to February 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 1.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in BrooksbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 57.1 kWhJul 57.1 kWhDec 231.0 kWhDec 231.0 kWhApr 305.9 kWhApr 305.9 kWhAug 175.9 kWhAug 175.9 kWhOct 262.2 kWhOct 262.2 kWhFeb 152.2 kWhFeb 152.2 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Brooks are 50.583 deg latitude, -111.885 deg longitude, and 2,474 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Brooks is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 62 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,470 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (262 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,434 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Brooks is covered by cropland (77%) and artificial surfaces (21%), within 10 miles by cropland (70%) and grassland (23%), and within 50 miles by grassland (52%) and cropland (45%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Brooks, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Brooks.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Brooks according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Brooks is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Brooks and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Brooks Automatic Weather Reporting System (93%, 4.5 kilometers, southeast); Brooks Airport (6%, 29 kilometers, northwest); and Queenstown (1.6%, 65 kilometers, west).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.