Average Weather in Kralendijk Caribbean Netherlands
In Kralendijk, the temperature typically varies from 77°F to 90°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 74°F or above 92°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day in Kralendijk does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 50 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 25 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 50 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:07 AM on May 31, and the latest sunrise is 52 minutes later at 6:58 AM on January 24. The earliest sunset is at 6:04 PM on November 18, and the latest sunset is 58 minutes later at 7:02 PM on July 10.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Kralendijk during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
In Kralendijk, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Kralendijk begins around December 10 and lasts for 3.9 months, ending around April 6. On January 14, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 50% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 50% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around April 6 and lasts for 8.1 months, ending around December 10. On October 4, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 79% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 21% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Kralendijk varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.1 months, from September 23 to December 26, with a greater than 12% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 22% on November 16.
The drier season lasts 8.9 months, from December 26 to September 23. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on March 15.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 22% on November 16.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Kralendijk experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.5 months, from August 1 to January 15, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 16, with an average total accumulation of 2.3 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.5 months, from January 15 to August 1. The least rain falls around March 10, with and average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Kralendijk, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 100% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Kralendijk experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 8.2 months, from December 6 to August 11, with average wind speeds of more than 9.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is June 16, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 3.8 months, from August 11 to December 6. The calmest day of the year is October 20, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.8 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Kralendijk is from the east throughout the year.
Kralendijk is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.3 months, from August 12 to November 22, with an average temperature above 83°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is September 20, with an average temperature of 83°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.3 months, from January 13 to April 23, with an average temperature below 80°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 23, with an average temperature of 79°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from February 13 to April 30, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is March 27, with an average of 6.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from September 5 to November 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is October 12, with an average of 4.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kralendijk are 12.150 deg latitude, -68.267 deg longitude, and 23 ft elevation (map ).
The topography within 2 miles of Kralendijk contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 161 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 29 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (541 feet). Within 50 miles also contains significant variations in elevation (764 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Kralendijk is covered by grassland (50%) and water (22%), within 10 miles by water (80%) and grassland (13%), and within 50 miles by water (98%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Kralendijk, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Flamingo International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Kralendijk.
At a distance of 2 kilometer from Kralendijk, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Kralendijk according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .