Average Weather in Augusta Maine, United States
In Augusta, the summers are warm, the winters are freezing, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 13°F to 80°F and is rarely below -2°F or above 87°F.
The warm season lasts for 3.6 months, from May 31 to September 17, with an average daily high temperature above 69°F. The hottest day of the year is July 27, with an average high of 80°F and low of 62°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.4 months, from December 1 to March 13, with an average daily high temperature below 39°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 13°F and high of 29°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Augusta, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Augusta begins around June 26 and lasts for 4.1 months, ending around October 30. On September 2, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 64% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 36% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 30 and lasts for 7.9 months, ending around June 26. On May 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 57% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 43% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Augusta varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.0 months, from May 10 to December 11, with a greater than 29% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 37% on June 14.
The drier season lasts 5.0 months, from December 11 to May 10. The smallest chance of a wet day is 22% on February 5.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Augusta changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 9.7 months, from February 23 to December 15. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 37% on June 14.
Snow alone is the most common for 2.3 months, from December 15 to February 23. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 14% on January 1.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Augusta experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Augusta. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 23, with an average total accumulation of 4.1 inches.
The least rain falls around January 23, with an average total accumulation of 1.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Augusta experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from October 26 to April 25, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 9, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 1.6 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from April 25 to October 26. The least snow falls around July 21, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Augusta varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 51 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 32 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 4:54 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 26 minutes later at 7:20 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 3:59 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 27 minutes later at 8:27 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Augusta during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Augusta experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from June 16 to September 15, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 6% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 30, with muggy conditions 24% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is March 2, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Augusta experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.9 months, from October 30 to April 27, with average wind speeds of more than 3.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 4, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.1 months, from April 27 to October 30. The calmest day of the year is July 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.1 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Augusta varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 2.2 months, from February 28 to May 3, with a peak percentage of 37% on March 9. The wind is most often from the south for 3.3 months, from May 3 to August 11 and for 1.9 weeks, from September 11 to September 24, with a peak percentage of 40% on June 30. The wind is most often from the west for 1.0 months, from August 11 to September 11 and for 5.1 months, from September 24 to February 28, with a peak percentage of 35% on August 24.
Augusta is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.9 months, from June 29 to September 27, with an average temperature above 56°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 9, with an average temperature of 61°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.6 months, from January 8 to April 25, with an average temperature below 42°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 9, with an average temperature of 37°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 6 to August 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 1, with an average of 6.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from October 30 to February 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 17, with an average of 1.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Augusta are 44.311 deg latitude, -69.779 deg longitude, and 210 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Augusta contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 469 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 189 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (669 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (3,543 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Augusta is covered by artificial surfaces (52%), trees (33%), and cropland (11%), within 10 miles by trees (79%), and within 50 miles by trees (71%) and water (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Augusta, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Augusta.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Augusta according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Augusta is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Augusta and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Augusta State Airport (94%, 1.5 kilometers, northwest); Wiscasset Airport (3.7%, 39 kilometers, south); and Knox County Regional Airport (1.9%, 61 kilometers, southeast).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.