Average Weather in Totoral Peru
The climate in Totoral is cool and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 41°F to 66°F and is rarely below 37°F or above 70°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Totoral for warm-weather activities are from mid March to late May and from mid August to early January.
The temperature in Totoral varies so little throughout the year that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss hot and cold seasons.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Totoral, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Totoral begins around April 10 and lasts for 7.1 months, ending around November 13. On August 4, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 77% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 23% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 13 and lasts for 4.9 months, ending around April 10. On February 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 75% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 25% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
Totoral does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from -0% to 9%, with an average value of 3%.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 9% on January 27.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Totoral experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Totoral. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around February 21, with an average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The least rain falls around May 13, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Totoral varies over the course of the year. In 2019, the shortest day is June 21, with 11 hours, 5 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 13 hours, 10 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 4:57 AM on November 24, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 15 minutes later at 6:12 AM on July 7. The earliest sunset is at 5:13 PM on June 3, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 9 minutes later at 6:22 PM on January 18.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Totoral during 2019.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
The perceived humidity level in Totoral, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Totoral varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 4.9 months, from April 29 to September 26, with a peak percentage of 44% on July 15. The wind is most often from the south for 7.1 months, from September 26 to April 29, with a peak percentage of 58% on January 1.
Totoral is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.0 months, from December 30 to March 31, with an average temperature above 71°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is February 15, with an average temperature of 74°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.9 months, from June 21 to October 17, with an average temperature below 65°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is August 31, with an average temperature of 63°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Totoral throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Totoral for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid March to late May and from mid August to early January, with a peak score in the third week of November.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Totoral for hot-weather activities is from late February to early April, with a peak score in the second week of March.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Temperatures in Totoral are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from September 30 to December 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is November 14, with an average of 8.2 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from May 9 to July 30, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 6.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 21, with an average of 5.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Totoral are -17.406 deg latitude, -70.365 deg longitude, and 8,579 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Totoral contains extreme variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 5,955 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 8,158 feet. Within 10 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (9,272 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (19,311 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Totoral is covered by bare soil (39%), trees (22%), sparse vegetation (19%), and grassland (17%), within 10 miles by bare soil (52%) and sparse vegetation (19%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (57%) and sparse vegetation (20%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Totoral, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Totoral.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Totoral according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Totoral is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Totoral and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Coronel FAP Carlos Ciriani Santa Rosa International Airport (41%, 73 kilometers, south) and Rodríguez Ballón International Airport (59%, 176 kilometers, northwest).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .