Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Tacna Peru
In Tacna, the summers are warm, arid, and mostly cloudy and the winters are cool, dry, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 51°F to 80°F and is rarely below 48°F or above 83°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Tacna for warm-weather activities are from late February to late May and from mid October to early January.
Climate in Tacna
Average Temperature in Tacna
The warm season lasts for 3.3 months, from December 24 to April 2, with an average daily high temperature above 77°F. The hottest day of the year is February 12, with an average high of 80°F and low of 64°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.4 months, from June 3 to September 16, with an average daily high temperature below 68°F. The coldest day of the year is July 26, with an average low of 51°F and high of 65°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Tacna
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Tacna
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Tacna, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Tacna begins around April 11 and lasts for 6.7 months, ending around November 1. On August 4, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 76% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 24% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 1 and lasts for 5.3 months, ending around April 11. On February 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 72% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 28% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Tacna
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
Tacna does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from -0% to 3%, with an average value of 1%.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 3% on January 11.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Tacna
The sliding 31-day quantity of rainfall in Tacna does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.0 inches of 0.0 inches throughout.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Tacna
The length of the day in Tacna varies over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is June 20, with 11 hours, 3 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 13 hours, 13 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Tacna
The earliest sunrise is at 4:55 AM on November 24, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 17 minutes later at 6:13 AM on July 7. The earliest sunset is at 5:12 PM on June 4, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 11 minutes later at 6:23 PM on January 17.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Tacna during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Tacna
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Tacna
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Tacna, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Tacna
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Tacna experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.5 months, from September 14 to March 28, with average wind speeds of more than 6.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 9, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.5 months, from March 28 to September 14. The calmest day of the year is June 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Tacna
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Tacna is from the south throughout the year.
Wind Direction in Tacna
Tacna is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.0 months, from December 29 to March 31, with an average temperature above 71°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is February 15, with an average temperature of 74°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.9 months, from June 21 to October 18, with an average temperature below 65°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is August 29, with an average temperature of 63°F.
Average Water Temperature in Tacna
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Tacna throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Tacna for general outdoor tourist activities are from late February to late May and from mid October to early January, with a peak score in the last week of April.
Tourism Score in Tacna
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Tacna for hot-weather activities is from early January to early April, with a peak score in the first week of March.
Beach/Pool Score in Tacna
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Tacna are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Tacna
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days in Tacna
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from October 1 to December 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is November 14, with an average of 8.1 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from May 8 to July 31, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 20, with an average of 5.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Tacna
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Tacna are -18.015 deg latitude, -70.254 deg longitude, and 1,860 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Tacna contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,001 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,929 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,871 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (19,610 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Tacna is covered by bare soil (42%), artificial surfaces (20%), trees (12%), and grassland (12%), within 10 miles by bare soil (95%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (61%) and water (17%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Tacna, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Coronel FAP Carlos Ciriani Santa Rosa International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Tacna.
At a distance of 5 kilometers from Tacna, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Tacna according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.