Average Weather in Iquique Chile
In Iquique, the temperature typically varies from 59°F to 79°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 55°F or above 82°F.
The warm season lasts for 3.1 months, from December 26 to March 28, with an average daily high temperature above 76°F. The hottest day of the year is February 5, with an average high of 79°F and low of 68°F.
The cool season lasts for 4.0 months, from June 5 to October 6, with an average daily high temperature below 68°F. The coldest day of the year is August 1, with an average low of 59°F and high of 65°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day in Iquique varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is June 21, with 10 hours, 54 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 13 hours, 22 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:51 AM on November 26, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 12 minutes later at 8:03 AM on August 13. The earliest sunset is at 6:07 PM on June 5, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 19 minutes later at 8:26 PM on January 16.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Iquique during 2017, starting in the spring on August 13 and ending in the fall on May 13.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
In Iquique, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Iquique begins around April 19 and lasts for 6.5 months, ending around November 3. On August 25, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 80% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 20% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 3 and lasts for 5.5 months, ending around April 19. On January 17, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 50% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 50% of the time.
Iquique does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 0% to 0%, with an average value of 0%.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Iquique, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.The average hourly wind speed in Iquique does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.5 miles per hour of 3.9 miles per hour throughout.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Iquique varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 11 months, from January 26 to December 25, with a peak percentage of 72% on June 24. The wind is most often from the west for 1.0 months, from December 25 to January 26, with a peak percentage of 51% on January 16.
Iquique is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.9 months, from December 29 to March 27, with an average temperature above 71°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is February 3, with an average temperature of 73°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.1 months, from June 17 to October 19, with an average temperature below 64°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is August 16, with an average temperature of 62°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from October 8 to February 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is December 7, with an average of 8.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from May 7 to August 4, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 20, with an average of 4.8 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Iquique are -20.220 deg latitude, -70.139 deg longitude, and 49 ft elevation (map ).
The topography within 2 miles of Iquique contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,631 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 432 feet. Within 10 miles contains extreme variations in elevation (4,570 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (7,608 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Iquique is covered by water (32%), artificial surfaces (31%), and bare soil (11%), within 10 miles by water (49%) and bare soil (45%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (50%) and water (48%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Iquique, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Diego Aracena International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Iquique.
At a distance of 35 kilometers from Iquique, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Iquique according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .