Average Weather in Santiago Chile
In Santiago, the summers are long, warm, arid, and clear and the winters are cold and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 38°F to 86°F and is rarely below 30°F or above 91°F.
The hot season lasts for 4.0 months, from November 24 to March 23, with an average daily high temperature above 81°F. The hottest day of the year is January 16, with an average high of 86°F and low of 57°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.3 months, from May 21 to September 1, with an average daily high temperature below 65°F. The coldest day of the year is July 25, with an average low of 38°F and high of 60°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Santiago, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Santiago begins around October 18 and lasts for 6.1 months, ending around April 20. On January 31, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 91% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 9% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around April 20 and lasts for 5.9 months, ending around October 18. On June 1, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 53% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 47% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Santiago varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.2 months, from May 3 to September 8, with a greater than 11% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 20% on June 27.
The drier season lasts 7.8 months, from September 8 to May 3. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on December 2.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 20% on June 27.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Santiago experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.6 months, from April 11 to September 30, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 13, with an average total accumulation of 2.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.4 months, from September 30 to April 11. The least rain falls around December 14, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Santiago varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is June 21, with 9 hours, 56 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 14 hours, 23 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:25 AM on December 4, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 0 minutes later at 8:25 AM on May 13. The earliest sunset is at 5:41 PM on June 11, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 15 minutes later at 8:56 PM on January 7.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Santiago during 2017, starting in the spring on August 13 and ending in the fall on May 13.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Santiago, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.The average hourly wind speed in Santiago does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.4 miles per hour of 3.4 miles per hour throughout.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Santiago varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 9.0 months, from February 18 to November 18, with a peak percentage of 64% on July 7. The wind is most often from the west for 3.0 months, from November 18 to February 18, with a peak percentage of 48% on January 1.
Santiago is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.9 months, from January 1 to March 29, with an average temperature above 60°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is February 10, with an average temperature of 62°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.5 months, from June 16 to November 1, with an average temperature below 56°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is August 6, with an average temperature of 54°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from November 2 to February 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 8.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is December 28, with an average of 9.5 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from April 30 to August 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 23, with an average of 2.7 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Santiago are -33.457 deg latitude, -70.648 deg longitude, and 1,811 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Santiago contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 285 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,818 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (6,207 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (19,902 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Santiago is covered by artificial surfaces (71%), trees (13%), and grassland (11%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (34%) and shrubs (28%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (37%) and trees (20%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Santiago, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Santiago.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Santiago according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Santiago is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Santiago and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport (97%, 15 kilometers, northwest) and Curico (2.7%, 176 kilometers, south).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.