Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Flagstaff Arizona, United States
In Flagstaff, the summers are warm and mostly clear and the winters are very cold, snowy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 19°F to 81°F and is rarely below 4°F or above 88°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Flagstaff for warm-weather activities is from mid June to late August.
Average Temperature in Flagstaff
The warm season lasts for 3.3 months, from June 2 to September 13, with an average daily high temperature above 73°F. The hottest month of the year in Flagstaff is July, with an average high of 80°F and low of 53°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.5 months, from November 20 to March 6, with an average daily high temperature below 49°F. The coldest month of the year in Flagstaff is December, with an average low of 20°F and high of 43°F.
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Dedeköy, Turkey (6,787 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Flagstaff (view comparison).
In Flagstaff, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Flagstaff begins around August 22 and lasts for 2.4 months, ending around November 4.
The clearest month of the year in Flagstaff is September, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 82% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 4 and lasts for 9.6 months, ending around August 22.
The cloudiest month of the year in Flagstaff is February, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 40% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Flagstaff varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 2.1 months, from July 7 to September 10, with a greater than 22% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days in Flagstaff is August, with an average of 10.9 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
The drier season lasts 9.9 months, from September 10 to July 7. The month with the fewest wet days in Flagstaff is June, with an average of 2.1 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Flagstaff changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 8.4 months, from March 20 to December 2. The month with the most days of rain alone in Flagstaff is August, with an average of 10.9 days.
Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 2.6 months, from January 31 to March 20 and from December 2 to January 1. The month with the most days of mixed snow and rain in Flagstaff is February, with an average of 1.9 days.
Snow alone is the most common for 4.3 weeks, from January 1 to January 31. The month with the most days of snow alone in Flagstaff is January, with an average of 1.9 days.
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Flagstaff experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.2 months, from June 25 to March 30, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The month with the most rain in Flagstaff is August, with an average rainfall of 1.9 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from March 30 to June 25. The month with the least rain in Flagstaff is June, with an average rainfall of 0.3 inches.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Flagstaff experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from October 30 to April 29, with a sliding 31-day snowfall of at least 1.0 inches. The month with the most snow in Flagstaff is January, with an average snowfall of 7.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from April 29 to October 30. The least snow falls around July 29, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
The length of the day in Flagstaff varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2023, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 47 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 32 minutes of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 5:11 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 24 minutes later at 7:35 AM on January 6. The earliest sunset is at 5:14 PM on December 5, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 31 minutes later at 7:45 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Flagstaff during 2023.
The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2023. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Flagstaff, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Flagstaff experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.1 months, from January 30 to July 2, with average wind speeds of more than 7.3 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Flagstaff is April, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.9 months, from July 2 to January 30. The calmest month of the year in Flagstaff is August, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.6 miles per hour.
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Flagstaff varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 7.2 months, from February 5 to September 10, with a peak percentage of 55% on July 14. The wind is most often from the south for 2.5 months, from September 10 to November 24, with a peak percentage of 38% on September 19. The wind is most often from the north for 2.2 months, from November 28 to February 5, with a peak percentage of 29% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Flagstaff throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Flagstaff for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to late August, with a peak score in the second week of July.
Tourism Score in Flagstaff
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Flagstaff for hot-weather activities is from mid June to mid July, with a peak score in the first week of July.
Beach/Pool Score in Flagstaff
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Flagstaff typically lasts for 4.1 months (125 days), from around May 30 to around October 1, rarely starting before May 10 or after June 17, and rarely ending before September 13 or after October 19.
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Flagstaff should appear around April 17, only rarely appearing before March 29 or after May 4.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from April 25 to July 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.6 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Flagstaff is June, with an average of 8.5 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from November 3 to February 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.2 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Flagstaff is December, with an average of 3.1 kWh.
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Flagstaff are 35.198 deg latitude, -111.651 deg longitude, and 6,900 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Flagstaff contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 597 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 6,995 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (6,001 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (9,751 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Flagstaff is covered by shrubs (66%) and trees (28%), within 10 miles by trees (79%) and shrubs (21%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (64%) and trees (32%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Flagstaff, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Flagstaff.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Flagstaff according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Flagstaff is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Flagstaff and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:
To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Flagstaff and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.
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