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Average Weather in Cockburn Town Turks & Caicos Islands

The climate in Cockburn Town is warm, oppressive, extremely windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 76°F to 84°F and is rarely below 73°F or above 84°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Cockburn Town12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwarmwarm
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Cockburn Town, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Cockburn Town begins around November 11 and lasts for 5.9 months, ending around May 7. On February 24, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 84% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 16% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around May 7 and lasts for 6.1 months, ending around November 11. On June 2, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 72% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 28% of the time.

Cloud Cover

Cloud Cover in Cockburn Townclearerclearerclearerclearercloudiercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 272%Jun 272%Feb 2416%Feb 2416%Nov 1144%Nov 1144%May 744%May 744%overcastovercastmostly cloudymostly cloudypartly cloudypartly cloudymostly clearmostly clearclearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Cockburn Town varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 8.7 months, from September 21 to June 13, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 23% on May 25.

The drier season lasts 3.3 months, from June 13 to September 21. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on July 11.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 23% on May 25.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Cockburn Townwetwetwetwetdrydry0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecMay 2523%May 2523%Jul 115%Jul 115%Jan 19%Jan 19%Sep 2114%Sep 2114%rainrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Cockburn Town experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from August 3 to June 25, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 30, with an average total accumulation of 1.5 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 1.3 months, from June 25 to August 3. The least rain falls around July 13, with and average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Cockburn Town varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 50 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 27 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:01 AM on June 6, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 23 minutes later at 7:24 AM on January 16. The earliest sunset is at 6:01 PM on November 26, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 30 minutes later at 7:31 PM on July 4.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Cockburn Town during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Cockburn Town2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 66:01 AMJun 66:01 AM7:31 PMJul 47:31 PMJul 4Nov 266:01 PMNov 266:01 PM7:24 AMJan 167:24 AMJan 16daydaynightnightnightnight
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Cockburn Town experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 10 months, from March 22 to February 7, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 88% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 13, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is February 26, with muggy conditions 84% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Cockburn Townmuggymuggymuggymuggy0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecFeb 2684%Feb 2684%100%Aug 13100%Aug 13miserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggy
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Cockburn Town experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from June 6 to September 1, with average wind speeds of more than 8.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.0 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 9.2 months, from September 1 to June 6. The calmest day of the year is October 4, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.9 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Cockburn Townwindywindy0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mph10 mph11 mph12 mphJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJul 159.0 mphJul 159.0 mphOct 46.9 mphOct 46.9 mphJun 68.0 mphJun 68.0 mphSep 18.0 mphSep 18.0 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Cockburn Town is from the east throughout the year.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Cockburn Town0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwestwestsouthsoutheasteastnorthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Cockburn Town is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.5 months, from July 19 to November 5, with an average temperature above 83°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is September 12, with an average temperature of 84°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.7 months, from January 2 to April 22, with an average temperature below 79°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 1, with an average temperature of 78°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 1.8 months, from March 14 to May 9, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 17, with an average of 6.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from September 8 to January 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 17, with an average of 4.3 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Cockburn Townbrightbrightdarkdarkdarkdark0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWhJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecApr 176.9 kWhApr 176.9 kWhDec 174.3 kWhDec 174.3 kWhMar 146.4 kWhMar 146.4 kWhSep 84.8 kWhSep 84.8 kWhJan 234.9 kWhJan 234.9 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Cockburn Town are 21.461 deg latitude, -71.142 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Cockburn Town contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 125 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 9 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (125 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (207 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Cockburn Town is covered by water (85%), within 10 miles by water (99%), and within 50 miles by water (99%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Cockburn Town, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Cockburn Town is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Cockburn Town, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.