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Average Weather in Molina Chile

In Molina, the summers are warm, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are long, cold, wet, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 39°F to 84°F and is rarely below 31°F or above 90°F.

Climate Summary

warmcoolcomfortablewarmJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec91%91%38%38%clearovercastprecipitation: 4.1 inprecipitation: 4.1 in0.2 in0.2 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.8tourism score: 7.81.41.4
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Molina for warm-weather activities is from early December to mid March.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.5 months, from December 1 to March 17, with an average daily high temperature above 79°F. The hottest day of the year is January 15, with an average high of 84°F and low of 55°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 16 to September 8, with an average daily high temperature below 62°F. The coldest day of the year is July 27, with an average low of 39°F and high of 57°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in MolinaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldcoldcoolcoolwarmwarmcomfortablecomfortablevery coldcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Naracoorte, Australia (7,057 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Molina (view comparison).

Clouds

In Molina, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Molina begins around October 18 and lasts for 6.0 months, ending around April 17. On January 17, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 91% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 9% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around April 17 and lasts for 6.0 months, ending around October 18. On June 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 62% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 38% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in MolinaclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jan 1791%Jan 1791%Jun 538%Jun 538%Oct 1864%Oct 1864%Apr 1765%Apr 1765%clearovercastmostly cloudymostly clearpartly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Molina varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.2 months, from May 2 to September 8, with a greater than 18% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 31% on June 27.

The drier season lasts 7.8 months, from September 8 to May 2. The smallest chance of a wet day is 4% on January 27.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 31% on June 8.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in MolinawetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 2731%Jun 2731%Jan 274%Jan 274%Jan 15%Jan 15%May 218%May 218%Sep 818%Sep 818%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Molina experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.6 months, from March 19 to November 8, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 18, with an average total accumulation of 4.1 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from November 8 to March 19. The least rain falls around January 18, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Molina varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is June 21, with 9 hours, 47 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 14 hours, 32 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:23 AM on December 5, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 8 minutes later at 8:31 AM on May 13. The earliest sunset is at 5:39 PM on June 12, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 24 minutes later at 9:03 PM on January 5.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Molina during 2017, starting in the spring on August 13 and ending in the fall on May 13.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in MolinaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMDec 56:23 AMDec 56:23 AM9:03 PMJan 59:03 PMJan 5Jun 125:39 PMJun 125:39 PM8:31 AMMay 138:31 AMMay 13DSTMay 13DSTMay 13Aug 13DSTAug 13DSTdaynightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Molina, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in MolinaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Aug 160%Aug 160%Jan 270%Jan 270%comfortablecomfortabledrydryhumidhumid
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Molina experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from November 8 to February 25, with average wind speeds of more than 4.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 30, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.4 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 8.4 months, from February 25 to November 8. The calmest day of the year is May 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in MolinawindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mphDec 305.4 mphDec 305.4 mphMay 34.3 mphMay 34.3 mphFeb 254.9 mphFeb 254.9 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Molina varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 1.1 months, from April 6 to May 10 and for 1.4 months, from August 27 to October 9, with a peak percentage of 35% on October 7. The wind is most often from the north for 3.5 months, from May 10 to August 27, with a peak percentage of 39% on July 2. The wind is most often from the west for 5.9 months, from October 9 to April 6, with a peak percentage of 57% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in MolinaWSNSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsouthnortheast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Molina is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.9 months, from December 31 to March 27, with an average temperature above 59°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is February 6, with an average temperature of 60°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.0 months, from June 26 to October 27, with an average temperature below 55°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is August 8, with an average temperature of 54°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Molina throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Molina for general outdoor tourist activities is from early December to mid March, with a peak score in the second week of January.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Molinabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.87.81.41.4 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Molina for hot-weather activities is from late December to late February, with a peak score in the third week of January.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Molinabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468105.35.30.10.1 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudsbeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Molina typically lasts for 9.6 months (290 days), from around August 17 to around June 3, rarely starting before July 20 or after September 17, and rarely ending before May 6 or after July 6.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Molinagrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Aug 1750%Aug 1750%Jun 350%Jun 390%Sep 1790%Sep 1790%May 690%May 610%Jul 2010%Jul 2010%Jul 610%Jul 6Jan 21100%Jan 21100%very coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Molina should appear around August 20, only rarely appearing before August 10 or after August 30.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in MolinaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°F3,000°F3,500°FAug 2090°FAug 2090°FDec 3900°FDec 3900°FJun 303,319°FJun 303,319°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from November 7 to February 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is December 28, with an average of 9.2 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from April 30 to August 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 23, with an average of 2.2 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in MolinabrightbrightdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWh11 kWhDec 289.2 kWhDec 289.2 kWhJun 232.2 kWhJun 232.2 kWhNov 77.8 kWhNov 77.8 kWhFeb 197.8 kWhFeb 197.8 kWhApr 303.6 kWhApr 303.6 kWhAug 213.6 kWhAug 213.6 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Molina are -35.114 deg latitude, -71.282 deg longitude, and 820 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Molina contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 190 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 822 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (3,146 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (13,366 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Molina is covered by cropland (39%), shrubs (21%), grassland (21%), and trees (19%), within 10 miles by cropland (30%) and shrubs (25%), and within 50 miles by trees (34%) and shrubs (24%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Molina, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Molina.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Molina according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Molina is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Molina and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Curico (97%, 17 kilometers, north) and Malargue Airport (2.5%, 161 kilometers, east).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.