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Average Weather in Washington Vermont, United States

In Washington, the summers are comfortable, wet, and partly cloudy and the winters are freezing, snowy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 7°F to 75°F and is rarely below -11°F or above 83°F.

Climate Summary

freezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablecomfortablecoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec62%62%29%29%overcastclearprecipitation: 3.7 inprecipitation: 3.7 in2.0 in2.0 inmuggy: 12%muggy: 12%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.0tourism score: 6.00.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Washington for warm-weather activities is from late June to late August.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.8 months, from May 24 to September 17, with an average daily high temperature above 65°F. The hottest day of the year is July 20, with an average high of 75°F and low of 56°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.3 months, from December 1 to March 12, with an average daily high temperature below 34°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 7°F and high of 24°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in WashingtonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfrigidfreezingfreezingcoldcoldcoolcomfortablevery coldvery coldfrigid
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Lanjaghbyur, Armenia (5,442 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Washington (view comparison).

Clouds

In Washington, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Washington begins around June 12 and lasts for 4.5 months, ending around October 29. On September 2, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 62% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 38% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 29 and lasts for 7.4 months, ending around June 12. On January 4, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 71% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 29% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in WashingtonclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Sep 262%Sep 262%Jan 429%Jan 429%Jun 1245%Jun 1245%Oct 2946%Oct 2946%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Washington varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.2 months, from May 1 to October 8, with a greater than 31% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 43% on June 26.

The drier season lasts 6.8 months, from October 8 to May 1. The smallest chance of a wet day is 19% on February 5.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Washington changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 8.4 months, from March 18 to November 29. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 43% on June 26.

Snow alone is the most common for 3.6 months, from November 29 to March 18. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 16% on December 21.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in WashingtonsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 2643%Jun 2643%Feb 519%Feb 519%Mar 1825%Mar 1825%Nov 2928%Nov 2928%May 131%May 131%Oct 831%Oct 831%snowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Washington experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Washington. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 23, with an average total accumulation of 3.7 inches.

The least rain falls around February 8, with an average total accumulation of 0.5 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Washington experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.8 months, from October 14 to May 8, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 20, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 1.5 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.2 months, from May 8 to October 14. The least snow falls around July 25, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in WashingtonsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 in3.5 in4.0 inDec 201.5 inDec 201.5 inJul 250.0 inJul 250.0 inFeb 141.5 inFeb 141.5 inOct 140.1 inOct 140.1 inMay 80.1 inMay 80.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Washington varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 52 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 30 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in WashingtonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2015 hr, 30 minJun 2115 hr, 30 minJun 2112 hr, 10 minSep 2212 hr, 10 minSep 228 hr, 52 minDec 218 hr, 52 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:05 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 25 minutes later at 7:30 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:11 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 26 minutes later at 8:37 PM on June 26.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Washington during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in WashingtonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 155:05 AMJun 155:05 AM8:37 PMJun 268:37 PMJun 26Dec 94:11 PMDec 94:11 PM7:30 AMNov 47:30 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Washington experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from June 13 to September 13, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 3% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 21, with muggy conditions 12% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is January 20, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in WashingtonmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 200%Jan 200%Jul 2112%Jul 2112%Jun 133%Jun 133%Sep 133%Sep 133%drydrycomfortablecomfortablemuggymuggyhumidhumid
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Washington experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.3 months, from November 19 to April 27, with average wind speeds of more than 5.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.9 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.7 months, from April 27 to November 19. The calmest day of the year is August 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.5 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in WashingtonwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mph10 mph11 mphFeb 266.9 mphFeb 266.9 mphAug 83.5 mphAug 83.5 mphNov 195.2 mphNov 195.2 mphApr 275.2 mphApr 275.2 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Washington varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 3.9 weeks, from September 10 to October 7, with a peak percentage of 36% on September 19. The wind is most often from the west for 11 months, from October 7 to September 10, with a peak percentage of 41% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in WashingtonWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsouthnortheast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Washington throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Washington for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Washingtonbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.06.00.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Washington for hot-weather activities is from early July to early August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in WashingtonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468103.33.30.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Washington typically lasts for 4.2 months (130 days), from around May 19 to around September 27, rarely starting before May 1 or after June 5, and rarely ending before September 9 or after October 14.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Washingtongrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 1950%May 1950%Sep 2750%Sep 2750%Jun 590%Jun 590%Sep 990%Sep 990%May 110%May 110%Oct 1410%Oct 1410%0%Feb 190%Feb 19Jul 22100%Jul 22100%frigidfreezingcoldcoolcomfortablewarmvery cold
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Washington should appear around May 10, only rarely appearing before April 29 or after May 21.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in WashingtonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F200°F400°F600°F800°F1,000°F1,200°F1,400°F1,600°F1,800°FMay 1090°FMay 1090°FJul 24900°FJul 24900°FDec 311,706°FDec 311,706°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 6 to August 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 30, with an average of 6.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from October 30 to February 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 17, with an average of 1.3 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Washington are 44.106 deg latitude, -72.433 deg longitude, and 1,696 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Washington contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,043 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,589 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,799 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (5,161 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Washington is covered by trees (93%), within 10 miles by trees (92%), and within 50 miles by trees (86%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Washington, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Washington.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Washington according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Washington is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Washington and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Edward F Knapp State Airport (61%, 15 kilometers, northwest); Saint Johnsbury (16%, 48 kilometers, northeast); Lebanon Municipal Airport (13%, 54 kilometers, south); and Plymouth Municipal Airport (10%, 65 kilometers, southeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.