Average Weather in Canaan Connecticut, United States
In Canaan, the summers are warm and wet, the winters are freezing, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 17°F to 81°F and is rarely below 0°F or above 89°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Canaan for warm-weather activities is from mid June to mid September.
The warm season lasts for 3.6 months, from May 28 to September 16, with an average daily high temperature above 71°F. The hottest day of the year is July 20, with an average high of 81°F and low of 62°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.3 months, from December 2 to March 11, with an average daily high temperature below 41°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 17°F and high of 32°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Canaan, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Canaan begins around June 24 and lasts for 4.4 months, ending around November 6. On September 2, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 64% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 36% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 6 and lasts for 7.6 months, ending around June 24. On January 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 56% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 44% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Canaan varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.7 months, from April 10 to September 30, with a greater than 30% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 38% on June 2.
The drier season lasts 6.3 months, from September 30 to April 10. The smallest chance of a wet day is 21% on January 29.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Canaan changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 11 months, from February 13 to January 1. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 38% on June 2.
Snow alone is the most common for 1.4 months, from January 1 to February 13. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 11% on January 10.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Canaan experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Canaan. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 1, with an average total accumulation of 4.0 inches.
The least rain falls around January 24, with an average total accumulation of 1.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Canaan experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from October 27 to April 21, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 24, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 1.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from April 21 to October 27. The least snow falls around July 26, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Canaan varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 7 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 15 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:17 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 11 minutes later at 7:28 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 4:21 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 11 minutes later at 8:33 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Canaan during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
Canaan experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from June 7 to September 18, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 8% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 30, with muggy conditions 33% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 23, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
The average hourly wind speed in Canaan experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.1 months, from November 20 to April 24, with average wind speeds of more than 5.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.6 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.9 months, from April 24 to November 20. The calmest day of the year is August 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Canaan varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 2.3 months, from March 1 to May 11 and for 4.1 weeks, from August 18 to September 16, with a peak percentage of 35% on March 11. The wind is most often from the south for 1.9 weeks, from May 11 to May 24 and for 3.0 weeks, from September 16 to October 7, with a peak percentage of 31% on May 21. The wind is most often from the west for 2.8 months, from May 24 to August 18 and for 4.8 months, from October 7 to March 1, with a peak percentage of 41% on July 7.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Canaan throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Canaan for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to mid September, with a peak score in the second week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Canaan for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Canaan typically lasts for 5.4 months (164 days), from around May 2 to around October 13, rarely starting before April 14 or after May 21, and rarely ending before September 25 or after November 1.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Canaan should appear around April 24, only rarely appearing before April 11 or after May 5.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 2 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 30, with an average of 6.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from November 3 to February 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 1.6 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Canaan are 42.027 deg latitude, -73.329 deg longitude, and 735 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Canaan contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,125 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 785 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,093 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (4,029 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Canaan is covered by trees (71%), artificial surfaces (15%), and cropland (14%), within 10 miles by trees (92%), and within 50 miles by trees (80%) and artificial surfaces (11%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Canaan, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Canaan.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Canaan according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Canaan is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Canaan and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Pittsfield Municipal Airport (27%, 45 kilometers, north); Barnes Municipal Airport (21%, 53 kilometers, east); Bradley International Airport (20%, 54 kilometers, east); Waterbury-Oxford Airport (17%, 63 kilometers, south); and Dutchess County Airport (16%, 64 kilometers, southwest).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .