Average Weather in Congress Arizona, United States
In Congress, the summers are hot and dry, the winters are cold, and it is mostly clear year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 36°F to 98°F and is rarely below 28°F or above 104°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Congress for hot-weather activities is from mid June to early September.
The hot season lasts for 3.5 months, from May 31 to September 15, with an average daily high temperature above 90°F. The hottest day of the year is July 4, with an average high of 98°F and low of 72°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.4 months, from November 19 to March 1, with an average daily high temperature below 66°F. The coldest day of the year is December 26, with an average low of 36°F and high of 58°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Congress, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Congress begins around August 16 and lasts for 2.7 months, ending around November 6. On September 18, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 86% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 14% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 6 and lasts for 9.3 months, ending around August 16. On February 19, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 40% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 60% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Congress varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 8.1 months, from July 8 to March 11, with a greater than 11% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 22% on August 9.
The drier season lasts 3.9 months, from March 11 to July 8. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on June 12.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 22% on August 9.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Congress experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.8 months, from July 5 to March 30, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around February 14, with an average total accumulation of 1.2 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from March 30 to July 5. The least rain falls around June 3, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Congress varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2020, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 52 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 26 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:19 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 19 minutes later at 7:37 AM on January 7. The earliest sunset is at 5:21 PM on December 4, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 26 minutes later at 7:47 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Congress during 2020.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Congress, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Congress experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 8.6 months, from October 20 to July 8, with average wind speeds of more than 7.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 23, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.6 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 3.4 months, from July 8 to October 20. The calmest day of the year is August 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Congress varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 2.7 months, from March 1 to May 24, with a peak percentage of 37% on May 3. The wind is most often from the south for 4.2 months, from May 24 to September 29, with a peak percentage of 42% on August 5. The wind is most often from the east for 5.1 months, from September 29 to March 1, with a peak percentage of 42% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Congress throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Congress for general outdoor tourist activities are from early May to late June and from late August to early October, with a peak score in the third week of September.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Congress for hot-weather activities is from mid June to early September, with a peak score in the second week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Congress typically lasts for 9.1 months (277 days), from around February 26 to around November 29, rarely starting before January 23 or after March 27, and rarely ending before November 12 or after December 18.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Congress should appear around February 4, only rarely appearing before January 24 or after February 18.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from April 21 to July 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 12, with an average of 8.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from November 4 to February 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 3.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Congress are 34.163 deg latitude, -112.851 deg longitude, and 3,031 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Congress contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,102 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,039 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,753 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (7,110 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Congress is covered by shrubs (100%), within 10 miles by shrubs (95%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (88%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Congress, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Congress.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Congress according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Congress is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Congress and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Ernest A. Love Field (29%, 67 kilometers, northeast); Luke Air Force Base (25%, 82 kilometers, southeast); Buckeye Municipal Airport (24%, 84 kilometers, south); Kingman Airport (13%, 157 kilometers, northwest); and Needles Airport (10%, 176 kilometers, northwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.