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Average Weather in Crossfield Canada

In Crossfield, the summers are comfortable, the winters are freezing and dry, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 8°F to 73°F and is rarely below -16°F or above 83°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Crossfield for warm-weather activities is from early July to mid August.

Climate Summary

freezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablecoolcoldfreezingJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow66%66%35%35%overcastclearprecipitation: 2.9 inprecipitation: 2.9 in0.2 in0.2 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrytourism score: 4.9tourism score: 4.90.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 26 to September 16, with an average daily high temperature above 64°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 73°F and low of 50°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 18 to March 8, with an average daily high temperature below 34°F. The coldest day of the year is December 31, with an average low of 8°F and high of 25°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in CrossfieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMNowNowfrigidfreezingfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablecoolfrigidfrigidfrigid
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Anton, Bulgaria (5,472 miles away) and Tsaghkahovit, Armenia (5,949 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Crossfield (view comparison).

Clouds

In Crossfield, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Crossfield begins around June 22 and lasts for 3.5 months, ending around October 5. On July 28, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 66% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 34% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 5 and lasts for 8.5 months, ending around June 22. On January 17, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 65% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 35% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in CrossfieldclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2866%Jul 2866%Jan 1735%Jan 1735%Jun 2251%Jun 2251%Oct 551%Oct 551%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Crossfield varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.3 months, from May 1 to September 12, with a greater than 19% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 35% on June 17.

The drier season lasts 7.7 months, from September 12 to May 1. The smallest chance of a wet day is 3% on February 1.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Crossfield changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 6.9 months, from April 3 to October 29. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 35% on June 17.

Snow alone is the most common for 5.1 months, from October 29 to April 3. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 7% on November 19.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in CrossfieldsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 1735%Jun 1735%Feb 13%Feb 13%Apr 310%Apr 310%Oct 299%Oct 299%Sep 1219%Sep 1219%NowNowrainsnowmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Crossfield experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from April 11 to October 10, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 16, with an average total accumulation of 2.9 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from October 10 to April 11. The least rain falls around January 27, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Crossfield experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 7.6 months, from October 5 to May 25, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around March 21, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from May 25 to October 5. The least snow falls around June 30, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Crossfield varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2020, the shortest day is December 21, with 7 hours, 50 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 16 hours, 38 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in CrossfieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 9 minMar 1912 hr, 9 minMar 1916 hr, 38 minJun 2016 hr, 38 minJun 2012 hr, 13 minSep 2212 hr, 13 minSep 227 hr, 50 minDec 217 hr, 50 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:18 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 23 minutes later at 8:41 AM on December 30. The earliest sunset is at 4:27 PM on December 12, and the latest sunset is 5 hours, 30 minutes later at 9:57 PM on June 24.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Crossfield during 2020, starting in the spring on March 8, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 1.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in CrossfieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 165:18 AMJun 165:18 AM9:57 PMJun 249:57 PMJun 24Dec 124:27 PMDec 124:27 PM8:41 AMDec 308:41 AMDec 30Mar 8DSTMar 8DSTDSTNov 1DSTNov 1daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2020. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Crossfield, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in CrossfieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 170%Jan 170%Jul 150%Jul 150%NowNowdrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Crossfield experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.9 months, from October 7 to June 4, with average wind speeds of more than 7.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.9 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.1 months, from June 4 to October 7. The calmest day of the year is August 2, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.4 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in CrossfieldwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mphDec 118.9 mphDec 118.9 mphAug 26.4 mphAug 26.4 mphOct 77.7 mphOct 77.7 mphJun 47.7 mphJun 47.7 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Crossfield is from the west throughout the year.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in CrossfieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestnorthsoutheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Crossfield throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Crossfield for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in CrossfieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468104.94.90.00.0NowNow precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Crossfield for hot-weather activities is from mid July to mid August, with a peak score in the first week of August.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in CrossfieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468101.61.60.00.0NowNow precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudsbeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Crossfield typically lasts for 4.0 months (124 days), from around May 17 to around September 18, rarely starting before April 29 or after June 5, and rarely ending before September 2 or after October 4.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Crossfieldgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 1750%May 1750%Sep 1850%Sep 1850%Jun 590%Jun 590%Sep 290%Sep 290%Apr 2910%Apr 2910%Oct 410%Oct 410%0%Nov 250%Nov 25Jul 16100%Jul 16100%NowNowfrigidfreezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarm
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Crossfield should appear around May 13, only rarely appearing before April 29 or after May 26.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in CrossfieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F200°F400°F600°F800°F1,000°F1,200°FMay 1390°FMay 1390°FAug 18900°FAug 18900°FDec 311,208°FDec 311,208°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from April 28 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 5, with an average of 6.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 26 to February 14, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 0.9 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in CrossfieldbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 56.7 kWhJul 56.7 kWhDec 230.9 kWhDec 230.9 kWhApr 285.6 kWhApr 285.6 kWhAug 185.6 kWhAug 185.6 kWhOct 262.1 kWhOct 262.1 kWhFeb 142.1 kWhFeb 142.1 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Crossfield are 51.433 deg latitude, -114.035 deg longitude, and 3,625 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Crossfield contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 325 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,607 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,004 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (5,725 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Crossfield is covered by cropland (92%), within 10 miles by cropland (90%), and within 50 miles by cropland (70%) and trees (16%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Crossfield, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Crossfield.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Crossfield according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Crossfield is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Crossfield and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Olds AGDM (43%, 35 kilometers, north); Calgary International, Alta. (43%, 36 kilometers, south); and Three Hills (15%, 68 kilometers, northeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.