Average Weather in Cartagena Colombia
In Cartagena, the wet season is overcast, the dry season is windy and partly cloudy, and it is hot and oppressive year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 76°F to 88°F and is rarely below 73°F or above 91°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Cartagena for hot-weather activities is from late December to mid March.
The temperature in Cartagena varies so little throughout the year that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss hot and cold seasons.
Average High and Low Temperature
Average Hourly Temperature
In Cartagena, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Cartagena begins around December 10 and lasts for 3.9 months, ending around April 5. On January 13, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 53% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 47% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around April 5 and lasts for 8.1 months, ending around December 10. On September 17, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 95% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 5% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Cartagena varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.7 months, from May 5 to November 26, with a greater than 27% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 54% on October 22.
The drier season lasts 5.3 months, from November 26 to May 5. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on January 19.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 54% on October 22.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Cartagena experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.8 months, from April 5 to December 30, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 17, with an average total accumulation of 6.1 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from December 30 to April 5. The least rain falls around January 27, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Cartagena does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 44 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 31 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 44 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:39 AM on May 29, and the latest sunrise is 46 minutes later at 6:25 AM on January 27. The earliest sunset is at 5:36 PM on November 17, and the latest sunset is 52 minutes later at 6:28 PM on July 12.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Cartagena during 2018.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
The perceived humidity level in Cartagena, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 100% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
The average hourly wind speed in Cartagena experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from December 8 to April 29, with average wind speeds of more than 10.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 14.2 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.4 months, from April 29 to December 8. The calmest day of the year is October 2, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Cartagena is from the north throughout the year.
Cartagena is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 5.7 months, from May 26 to November 18, with an average temperature above 84°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is June 17, with an average temperature of 84°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.1 months, from January 15 to April 19, with an average temperature below 81°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 13, with an average temperature of 80°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Cartagena throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Cartagena for general outdoor tourist activities is from late December to early March, with a peak score in the third week of January.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Cartagena for hot-weather activities is from late December to mid March, with a peak score in the last week of January.
Temperatures in Cartagena are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from January 12 to April 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is March 18, with an average of 6.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from May 22 to November 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.8 kWh. The darkest day of the year is September 29, with an average of 3.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Cartagena are 10.400 deg latitude, -75.514 deg longitude, and 13 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Cartagena contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 515 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 31 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (850 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,769 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Cartagena is covered by grassland (49%), water (31%), and trees (10%), within 10 miles by water (51%) and grassland (22%), and within 50 miles by water (62%) and grassland (17%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Cartagena, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Aeropuerto Internacional de Crespo, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Cartagena.
At a distance of 5 kilometers from Cartagena, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Cartagena according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .