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Average Weather in Baraya Colombia

The climate in Baraya is hot, muggy, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 69°F to 92°F and is rarely below 66°F or above 97°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature in BarayaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F10°F20°F30°F40°F50°F60°F70°F80°F90°F100°FJul 1388°FJul 1388°FSep 1892°FSep 1892°F69°F69°F70°F70°FApr 1788°FApr 1788°F70°F70°F70°F70°F
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in BarayaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMhotwarmcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Baraya, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Baraya begins around June 1 and lasts for 4.2 months, ending around October 6. On August 9, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 41% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 59% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 6 and lasts for 7.8 months, ending around June 1. On March 7, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 84% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 16% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in BarayaclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 941%Aug 941%Mar 716%Mar 716%Jun 128%Jun 128%Oct 628%Oct 628%overcastmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Baraya varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 8.3 months, from September 27 to June 5, with a greater than 37% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 56% on October 30.

The drier season lasts 3.7 months, from June 5 to September 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 18% on August 10.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 56% on October 30.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in BarayawetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Oct 3056%Oct 3056%Aug 1018%Aug 1018%Jan 129%Jan 129%Sep 2737%Sep 2737%Jun 537%Jun 537%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Baraya experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Baraya. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 12, with an average total accumulation of 5.6 inches.

The least rain falls around August 9, with an average total accumulation of 0.9 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Baraya does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 18 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 57 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 12 hours, 18 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:43 AM on October 28, and the latest sunrise is 31 minutes later at 6:14 AM on February 6. The earliest sunset is at 5:43 PM on November 7, and the latest sunset is 31 minutes later at 6:14 PM on February 17.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Baraya during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in BarayaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMOct 285:43 AMOct 285:43 AM6:14 PMFeb 176:14 PMFeb 17Nov 75:43 PMNov 75:43 PM6:14 AMFeb 66:14 AMFeb 6daynightnightnight
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Baraya experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 8.9 months, from October 4 to June 30, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 41% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is April 30, with muggy conditions 81% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is August 20, with muggy conditions 27% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in BarayamuggymuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Aug 2027%Aug 2027%81%Apr 3081%Apr 30Oct 441%Oct 441%Jun 3041%Jun 3041%humidhumidcomfortablecomfortablemuggymuggyoppressiveoppressive
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Baraya experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from May 22 to October 3, with average wind speeds of more than 2.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is August 7, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.8 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.6 months, from October 3 to May 22. The calmest day of the year is November 29, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.1 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Baraya varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 9.6 months, from January 26 to November 14, with a peak percentage of 81% on June 16. The wind is most often from the east for 2.4 months, from November 14 to January 26, with a peak percentage of 48% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in BarayaESEJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%eastsouthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.0 months, from July 31 to September 30, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is September 4, with an average of 6.2 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 1.6 months, from October 31 to December 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is November 29, with an average of 4.8 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in BarayabrightdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWhSep 46.2 kWhSep 46.2 kWhNov 294.8 kWhNov 294.8 kWhJul 315.9 kWhJul 315.9 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Baraya are 3.153 deg latitude, -75.053 deg longitude, and 2,119 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Baraya contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,440 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,174 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (6,991 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (11,457 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Baraya is covered by trees (46%), grassland (34%), and shrubs (20%), within 10 miles by trees (41%) and grassland (34%), and within 50 miles by trees (59%) and grassland (20%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Baraya, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Baraya.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Baraya according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Baraya is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, in addition to a contribution from the MERRA-2 reconstruction, corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Baraya.

The station weigths are proportional to the inverse of the distance between Baraya and a given station.

The weight assigned to the MERRA-2 value depends on the distance from Baraya to the nearest station, increasing from 0% at 150 kilometers to 100% at 200 kilometers. In this case, the MERRA-2 weight is 7%.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Cali / Alfonso Bonillaaragon (65%, 154 kilometers, west) and El Dorado International Airport (28%, 200 kilometers, northeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.