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Average Weather in Penn Yan New York, United States

In Penn Yan, the temperature typically varies from 18°F to 81°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 2°F or above 90°F.

The warm season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 26 to September 18, with an average daily high temperature above 71°F. The hottest day of the year is July 20, with an average high of 81°F and low of 63°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.4 months, from December 2 to March 13, with an average daily high temperature below 42°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 18°F and high of 32°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature with percentile bands, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecfreezingfreezingchillychillycoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablecomfortablewarmwarm
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Sun

The length of the day in Penn Yan varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 3 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 19 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:29 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 17 minutes later at 7:46 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:34 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 16 minutes later at 8:50 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Penn Yan during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Clouds

In Penn Yan, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Penn Yan begins around May 5 and lasts for 6.1 months, ending around November 7. On August 29, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 65% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 35% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 7 and lasts for 5.9 months, ending around May 5. On January 11, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 71% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 29% of the time.

Cloud Cover

clearerclearercloudiercloudiercloudiercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJan 1171%Jan 1171%Aug 2935%Aug 2935%May 553%May 553%Nov 753%Nov 753%overcastovercastmostly cloudymostly cloudymostly clearmostly clearclearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Penn Yan varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.9 months, from April 1 to October 30, with a greater than 28% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 39% on June 15.

The drier season lasts 5.0 months, from October 30 to April 1. The smallest chance of a wet day is 16% on January 29.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 39% on June 15.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Penn Yan experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Penn Yan. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 27, with an average total accumulation of 3.0 inches.

The least rain falls around February 7, with and average total accumulation of 0.8 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Penn Yan experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.1 months, from November 10 to April 13, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around March 1, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.7 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from April 13 to November 10. The least snow falls around July 29, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Penn Yan experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from June 6 to September 18, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 8% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 29, with muggy conditions 30% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is February 17, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

muggymuggy0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecFeb 170%Feb 170%Jul 2930%Jul 2930%Jun 68%Jun 68%Sep 188%Sep 188%oppressiveoppressivemuggymuggycomfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Penn Yan experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.1 months, from November 16 to April 20, with average wind speeds of more than 3.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.9 months, from April 20 to November 16. The calmest day of the year is August 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.1 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Penn Yan varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 1.2 months, from September 5 to October 12, with a peak percentage of 38% on October 4. The wind is most often from the west for 11 months, from October 12 to September 5, with a peak percentage of 50% on February 2.

Wind Direction

WWSSWW0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwestwestsouthsoutheasteastnorthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Penn Yan is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.7 months, from July 4 to September 24, with an average temperature above 65°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 10, with an average temperature of 72°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 5.1 months, from December 16 to May 18, with an average temperature below 43°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 7, with an average temperature of 36°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line) with percentile bands, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences very significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from May 2 to August 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 30, with an average of 6.8 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from November 1 to February 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 25, with an average of 1.3 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Penn Yan are 42.661 deg latitude, -77.054 deg longitude, and 909 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Penn Yan contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 633 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 868 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (1,509 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (2,159 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Penn Yan is covered by cropland (66%), artificial surfaces (17%), and water (11%), within 10 miles by cropland (54%) and trees (28%), and within 50 miles by trees (47%) and cropland (40%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Penn Yan, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Penn Yan.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Penn Yan according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Penn Yan is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Penn Yan and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Penn Yan Airport (99%, 2.0 kilometers, south), Greater Rochester International Airport (0.5%, 72 kilometers, northwest), and Oswego County Airport (0.3%, 94 kilometers, northeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .