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Average Weather in Mercaderes Colombia

The climate in Mercaderes is warm and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 64°F to 84°F and is rarely below 61°F or above 88°F.

Climate Summary

warmJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec37%37%9%9%overcastprecipitation: 5.2 inprecipitation: 5.2 in0.7 in0.7 inmuggy: 4%muggy: 4%0%0%tourism score: 6.5tourism score: 6.54.74.7
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Mercaderes for warm-weather activities is from early June to mid September.

Temperature

The temperature in Mercaderes varies so little throughout the year that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss hot and cold seasons.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in MercaderesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcoolcomfortablewarmcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Curup, Indonesia (12,333 miles away); Ranau, Malaysia (11,355 miles); and Tondano, Indonesia (10,908 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Mercaderes (view comparison).

Clouds

In Mercaderes, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Mercaderes begins around May 31 and lasts for 3.7 months, ending around September 21. On July 31, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 37% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 63% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 21 and lasts for 8.3 months, ending around May 31. On March 4, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 91% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 9% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in MercaderesclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 3137%Jul 3137%Mar 49%Mar 49%May 3123%May 3123%Sep 2123%Sep 2123%overcastmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Mercaderes varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 8.0 months, from September 29 to May 29, with a greater than 34% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 56% on November 12.

The drier season lasts 4.0 months, from May 29 to September 29. The smallest chance of a wet day is 12% on August 11.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 56% on November 12.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in MercadereswetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Nov 1256%Nov 1256%Aug 1112%Aug 1112%Jan 140%Jan 140%Sep 2934%Sep 2934%May 2934%May 2934%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Mercaderes experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Mercaderes. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 9, with an average total accumulation of 5.2 inches.

The least rain falls around August 6, with an average total accumulation of 0.7 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Mercaderes does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 13 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 12 hours, 1 minute of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 12 hours, 14 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in MercaderesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 14 minJun 2012 hr, 14 minJun 2012 hr, 6 minSep 2212 hr, 6 minSep 2212 hr, 1 minDec 2112 hr, 1 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:50 AM on October 31, and the latest sunrise is 31 minutes later at 6:21 AM on February 7. The earliest sunset is at 5:53 PM on November 5, and the latest sunset is 31 minutes later at 6:24 PM on February 13.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Mercaderes during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in MercaderesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMOct 315:50 AMOct 315:50 AM6:24 PMFeb 136:24 PMFeb 13Nov 55:53 PMNov 55:53 PM6:21 AMFeb 76:21 AMFeb 7daynightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Mercaderes, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in MercaderesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Aug 120%Aug 120%Apr 144%Apr 144%drydryhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Mercaderes experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from June 12 to September 1, with average wind speeds of more than 3.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 28, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 9.3 months, from September 1 to June 12. The calmest day of the year is April 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.6 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in MercadereswindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mphJul 284.3 mphJul 284.3 mphApr 152.6 mphApr 152.6 mphJun 123.5 mphJun 123.5 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Mercaderes varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 1.4 months, from April 23 to June 4 and for 1.3 months, from August 11 to September 20, with a peak percentage of 44% on August 11. The wind is most often from the east for 2.2 months, from June 4 to August 11, with a peak percentage of 50% on June 28. The wind is most often from the west for 7.1 months, from September 20 to April 23, with a peak percentage of 67% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in MercaderesWSESWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Mercaderes throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Mercaderes for general outdoor tourist activities is from early June to mid September, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Mercaderesbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.56.54.74.7 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Mercaderes for hot-weather activities is from late May to late September, with a peak score in the first week of August.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Mercaderesbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468104.94.93.63.6 precipitationprecipitationtemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Mercaderes are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in MercaderesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%100%Jan 1100%Jan 1100%Jul 3100%Jul 3coolwarmcomfortablehot
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in MercaderesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F1,000°F2,000°F3,000°F4,000°F5,000°F6,000°F7,000°F8,000°FJan 590°FJan 590°FMar 241,800°FMar 241,800°FDec 317,978°FDec 317,978°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 1.9 months, from July 20 to September 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is August 16, with an average of 5.6 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 6.6 months, from October 25 to May 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 12, with an average of 4.5 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in MercaderesbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWhAug 165.6 kWhAug 165.6 kWhDec 124.5 kWhDec 124.5 kWhOct 254.7 kWhOct 254.7 kWhMay 134.7 kWhMay 134.7 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Mercaderes are 1.802 deg latitude, -77.170 deg longitude, and 3,402 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Mercaderes contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,493 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,536 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (5,650 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (14,386 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Mercaderes is covered by shrubs (43%), trees (23%), grassland (22%), and cropland (12%), within 10 miles by shrubs (34%) and trees (29%), and within 50 miles by trees (57%) and shrubs (16%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Mercaderes, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Mercaderes is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Mercaderes, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.